The Concept of the Eritrean Mass Movement & Its Advantages.

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At a time when the political situation inside Eritrea was one of great concern, the Eritrean
people, inside the country and in the Diaspora, could not exactly know how to challenge the
criminal acts of the unconstitutional government in Asmara which had committed horrendous
crimes, with extreme cruelty, against its own people. The socio-economic and political situation
in Eritrea reached un-imaginable proportions. The Eritrean people have been denied of their
Rights for free Speech, free movement, freedom to assemble and to run a normal day-to-day life,
since their national independence of 1991.
As a result of such unbearable life situation inside Eritrea, and especially when about 360
Eritreans, consisting of men, women, children and infants, escaping the horrors of life in Eritrea
and seeking freedom in Europe, vanished in a sinking ship in the Mediterranean Sea, by the
shores of the Italian Sea coast of Lampadusa, on October 13th, 2013, many horrified Eritreans,
the world over, rose up by raising their fists high, and singing the slogans of ” Isayas Must Go!” ,
and yes indeed, he must Go !! That caused the birth of the Movement, and they started to
organize themselves, starting on a city by city level, all over the world. In consideration of the
complexity of eventual system integration concerns at the global stage, the initial call to organize
at the local level is made for the whole community, as an aggregate, not on the basis of a
fragmented demography approach. And one the Ground Rules is to first educate the Masses
about the Concept of the Mass Movement, so that they can make informed decisions.
A temporary By Laws were drafted, in order to legally guide them at the local level, and for
formalizing the organizing process, on the basis of a “one person one vote” membership setting
(principle), which guarantees every member equal rights, opportunities and privileges, in the
ownership of the movement. That means, the concept of the Movement is termed as a
“Movement of the people, by the people, for the people.” Justice and Democracy start right there.
This Movement is only a task force (a means not an end ), not an organization which ultimately
grabs political power. Its main purpose is to educate, mobilize and organize the public, and
optimize the participation of the more than 90% of Eritreans who are not yet politically
organized to the membership fold. The Mass Movement is not a replacement of or in
competition with any political organization. On the contrary, it empowers and strengths them,
by bringing in many new participants to the Eritrean public Forums.
The Mass organizing process involves three stages moving on a single path to fruition : 1) It
starts at local, city-by-city organizing process. 2) Centralization of all the fully organized cities
within a subject country, under a single leadership, at a national level, and finally, 3) All
organized countries, the world over, will send their representatives to a centrally convenient city
for all of them, for the purpose of forming a national Assembly (Bayto), for a transitional
government, in absentia. Political sharing at this stage by all Eritrean demographics, will be on
the basis of the qualified, (with significant grassroots base) limited number of political
organizations, measured by a pre-defined set of criteria. The Assembly should have the mandate
to revisit and reassess the qualifications of the organizations, who claim to be valid political
entities, in order to ascertain whether they have the defined minimum number of members base.


The vision of the Eritrean Mass Movement is: to organize all Eritreans on a city by city, national, and
international level, for the purpose of bringing a political change in Eritrea, and upon which, to create a
democratic new Eritrea , where all Eritreans can peacefully and democratically live in harmony.


The goal of the Eritrean Mass Movement is: To fully organize all Eritreans, the world over,
locally, nationally, and globally, upon which, a peoples’ government can be created in Eritrea by
uniting the forces for change inside Eritrea, and those in the Diaspora, within the shortest time

Approach .

The approach of the Eritrean Mass Movement is to be a task force, which organizes all Eritreans on a city
by city basis, and it inclusively organizes them, whether they already belong to an organization or not.
The organizing process continues from the city (locally), to a national level (country), and from the
national level to an international level.
However, any existing organization(s) will be allowed to continue with its / their existing
organizational agendas, without being interrupted by the actions of the Mass Movement. But it is
also a common benefits that some of their members, if not all, also join hands with the political
dynamics of the Mass Movement.


The advantages of the Eritrean Mass Movement are:
1) Organizing the Masses on a city by city level approach provides a better opportunity to easily
recognize who can be better representatives of the interests of each group, and that of the majority of
Eritreans within that city.
2) The Eritrean Mass Movement is only a task force, which has the best vision and know-how
to wisely educate, organize and bring the more than 90 % of the not-yet-organized Eritreans
to the public forum, for National Salvation.
3) The concept of the Eritrean Mass Movement, if properly implemented, can organize the
already organized and those not organized Masses, in harmony, at a city by city level, within
the subject country will be centralized, under a single leadership, from which, will proceed to
the third stage, which is the global level, within the shortest time.
4) The concept of the Eritrean Mass Movement is the politics “of the people by the people for
the people,” which guarantees each member equal rights, opportunities and privileges in the
ownership of the task force, and follows the from a bottom up progression.
5) The Mass Movement provides membership opportunities for those who already have other
memberships with other Eritrean organization(s), in addition to its own.
6) The concept has the best harnessing mechanism of the interests of the different
participating organizations, at the global level.


1) The Eritrean Mass Movement is only a task force, not a political organization that ultimately
assumes power.
2) The organizing process starts on a city by city level, on the principle of a one person, one vote
membership rule, and from a bottom up progression.
3) No membership is allowed at group or organizational levels.
4) For the purpose of legality, and convenience, a minimum membership fee of $10.00 will be
assessed against members.
5) In order for members to qualify for voting and to be elected, their minimum age must be 18
6) Community representatives who are delegated for a defined purpose(s) like seminars or
demonstrations, cannot represent their city on any other task responsibilities for which they
are not delegated, except to bring back any messages or proposals to their constituents.
7) When administrative body decisions conflict with that of the Masses, the voice of the
Masses override.


The Eritrean Mass Movement started its mission about six years ago, by Eritreans for Justice and
Democracy around the world. The Movement evolved as a result of the unending misery, mass
arrests, imprisonment, and lingering impoverishment of almost all Eritreans inside their country.
That situation compelled many Eritreans, from different countries in the Diaspora, to at once rise
up with their slogans, ” Isayas Must Go,” in loud tones, and made an immediate move to
organize themselves, on a city by city, and on individual membership basis, on a bottom up
The organizing process involves three stages: The Local (city) level, the National (centralized)
level, and the global level, where, upon electing global delegates from each involved country, a
national Assembly will be formed. At that stage (3rd level), the work of the task force will end.
The delegates from each country, at the global stage, will meet at a centrally chosen country, for
the purpose of forming a national Assembly and each one of the reps. should posses
extraordinary skills and experiences,in order to be able to handle the tremendous challenges of
the global unity system integration..
The responsibility of devising the right formulae for fairly and equitably distributing the political
power to the qualified number of political organizations, reflective of the true color of all the
demographics of the Eritrean society, without leaving out any segment of the populace will rely
on the abilities of this Assembly, and due to the complexity of the involved tasks, the Assembly
members will consider too many variables to juggle with. Therefore, it is imperative for the
Eritrean people to make it easier for them, from the beginning (locally), by making their call to
all Eritreans, as a single community (as an aggregate), and when the people respond to the
community call, they will get organized as a united task force, under a single leadership, and by
doing that, they will minimize the number of group participants. Upon being organized locally,
centralization will take place nationally, with the guide a new inclusive By Laws, and eventually,
will proceed to the international Forum, where each organization will vie for its share of the
political pie. All the task-force members who made it possible for most Eritreans to optimally
organize and engage in the national Salvation efforts, and others, like the professionals, artists,
intellectuals, etc. have the opportunity to secure their positions as well, by individually joining
any recognized political organizations, of their choice.
By scientifically crafting a democratically meaningful representation of the political power, we
can come up with a constitutional and truly democratic new Eritrea, that every citizen can finally
embrace and enjoy, will be created. The Concept of the Eritrean Mass Movement, which evolved
as a Panacea to the lingering inability of the multiple Eritrean political organizations to unite,
should be adopted, globally.
Tomorrow’s new Eritrea rightfully belongs to the younger generation, and those of them who
have demonstrated their unwavering dedication and commitments for the service of their people
and country should be ready to reclaim the Mantle. Meantime, recognition of the efforts of those
who kept our struggle alive, for so long, is overdue.
Two equally important items to consider are: 1) To involve every Eritrean in out-of-pocket
financial contributions and to raise enough funds for the national cause, and 2) To
internationalize Eritrea’s lingering problems of gross Human Rights Violations and National
Lastly, for our ultimate success, the Eritrean people must adamantly be bigger than fear !!
Berhe Desta / Seattle, Washington, USA
A chart, reflecting practical applications of the Mass Organizing process on a city by city
approach, is attached.

The Myth of the Oneness of the Eritrean Mass Movement & the Global Initiative.

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The Eritrean Mass Movement and the Global Initiative ( GI) are two distinctively different  Eritrean Movements.  The Eritrean Mass Movement is the outgrowth of the insanely unbearable life conditions in Eritrea.  It was sparked by the tragedy of  some 360 Eritreans, consisting of men, women, children and infants, seeking to escape the horrors of life in Eritrea and find freedom in Europe, vanishing in a sinking ship in the Mediterranean Sea, by the shores of the Italian Sea coast of Lampadusa, on October 13th, 2013.  This event horrified  many Eritreans, the world over, and moved them to rise up, raise their fists high, and sing their slogans of  “Isayas must go.”  It is the Movement “of the people, by the people, and for the people,” which sees itself only as a task force, emanating at a city level, and then driving a national, and finally, a global task force, under a single leadership.

 The Global Initiative Movement, in contrast, was started by some individual Eritreans in the United States, who started recruiting potential members, globally, around the year 2015.  That approach clearly tells us that GI did not start at the local level, by the members of the involved communities.  Its role in the Eritrean political dynamics is of advocacy or empowerment. Therefore, these two Movements are not, in any way, the same. If the two were the same, there would be no need for them to be two.

 The purpose of this disclosure is that the Eritrean people need to know about the true nature of each of these two Eritrean Movements that sound the same , but are categorically different.  As a devout supporter of the Eritrean Mass Movement, I would also like to add that its main ingredients are:  1) Equality in ownership of the Movement, by its members, 2) The principal that the Movement should start at each locality and 3) the recognitions that it is only a task force , whose power progresses from the bottom up. I strongly believe it is important , for clarification purposes, to explain vaguely perceived political philosophies, especially at this critical phase of the Eritrean struggle, to let the Eritrean people know about those differences, so that they will make informed decisions, as to which school of thought to support and embrace.

 Thank you very much.

Berhe Desta / Seattle, USA

ኤልሳ ጭሩምን ሃና ጴጥሮን ፊት ንፊት ተራኺበን ምስ የማነ ገብረኣብ ማንኪ ኣብ ባይቶ ሰባዊ መሰላት 2016

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“ንሃና ጴጥሮስ፡ ካባኺ ኣነ ይሓልየላ” – የማነ ገብርኣብ

ኣብ ሰነ 2016፡ ምስ የማነ ገብርኣብ፡ ኣማኻሪ ኢሳያስ ኣፈወርቅን ሓላፊ ፖለቲካዊ ጉዳያት ህግደፍን ንመጀመርያ ጊዜ ብኣካል ኣብ ባይቶ ሰብኣዊ መስላት ፊት ንፊት ንራኸብ።

ኣነን ሃና ጴጥሮስ ስለሞንን ኢና ኔርና። ሃንደበት ስለተጋጠምና፡ ምስረኣየና፡ ኢዱ ዘርጊሑ ሰላም ኢልና። ሽዑ፡ ናባይ እንዳጠመተን ኢዱ እንዳወጣወጠን እስኺ ትገብርዮ ኩሉ ንፈልጦ ኢና በለኒ።

ኣነ ድማ እወ፡ ክትፈልጡዎ ኢለ እንድየ ዝባነይ ቀሊዔ ዝቃለስ ዘለኹ። ኣነ ስለ ህዝበይ የእውይ ኣለኹ፡ እስኻ ድማ ንውልቀ መላኺ ተገልግል፡ ኣንጻር ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ትሰርሕ ኣለኻ ኢለዮ።

ሽዑ፡ በል ከላልየካ፡ እዚኣ ድማ ሃና ጴጥሮስ ሰለሙን ትበሃል፡ ጓል ጴጥሮስ ስለሙንን ኣስቴር ዮሃንስን እያ በልኩዎ። እሱ ድማ፡ እፈልጣ እየ፡ እስኺ ኣይተላልይንን ኢኺ፡ ጎረቤተይ እያ ኔራ ይብለኒ። ቀጺሉ፡ ሒዝክያ ኣይትዝሪ ድማ በለኒ።

ኣነ ድማ፡ ሃና ቆልዓ ኣይኮነትን ኣነ ጎቲተ ኣብ ዘይደለየቶ ዝወስዳ። ከምዚ ትርእያ ዘለኻ፡ ብዛዕባ ዘይሕጋዊ ማእሰርቲ ስድራኣ ክትዛረብ፡ ስልኦም ከተእውይ ፡ ብዛዕባ ናይቲ ኣብ ቤት ማእሰርቲ ኤርትራ ንክልተ ዓመት ዘሕለፈቶ ስቅያት፡ ንዓለም ክትነግር እያ ኣብዚ ዘላ፡ በልኩዎ።

የማነ ድማ ስቅ እንዶበሊ፡ ካባኺ ኣነ ይሓልየላ፡ ክትጥቀምላ ኣይትፈትኒ በለኒ። ኣነ ድማ፡ እቲ ድፍረቱ ኣስደሚምኒ፡ እንታይ በልካ? እስኻስ ንሃና ጴጥሮስ ካባይ ንላዕሊ ትሓልየላ? ኢለ ሓተትኩዎ።
ስለትሓልየላ ዲኻ እስኻን እቲ ተገልግሎ ስርዓትን ነቡኣን ነዲኣን ንዓመታት ብዘይ ክሲ ብዘይ ፍርዲ ኣሲርኩሞም ዘለኹም? ስለትሓልየላ ዲኻ ንዓዓን ንየሕዋታን ኣዘኽቲምኩሞም ዘለኹም? ስለለትሓልየላ ዲኻ ንሃና ንክልተ ዓመት ዝኣክል ኣሲርኩም፡ ቀጥቒጥኩም ዘሳቀኹማ? ናትኩም ሓልየት ከመይ ድዩ? በልኩዎ። ኣረ ካበይ ኢኹም መጺኹም? ህዝቢ ኤርትራ እንታይ እዩ ጌሩኩም እዚ ኩሉ ኣደራዕ ተውርዱሉ ዘለኹም በልኩዎ?

መልሰይ ዘሕረቆ የማነ፡ ኪዲ ኪዲ… በለኒ።

ኣነድማ ናበይ ክኸይድ? በልኩዎ። ዘይተረድኣካ እንተኾይኑ፡ እዚ ዘለኻዮ ቦታ ባይቶ ሰብኣዊ መሰላት ይበሃል፡ ኣነን እስኻን ኣብዚ ማዓረ ኢና፡ ትውንኖ ከይመስለካ። ኣብዚ ሓይልን ጸርፍን ዘይኮነስ ዲፕሎማሲ ኢኻ ትጥቀም፡ ዘይትፈልጦ እንተኾንካ ተመሃር ኢለዮ።

ኣንቲ ኪዲ እንዶ…ኪዲ ..ኪዲ , በለኒ።

ኣነ ድማ ናበይ ክኸይድ? ስማዕ እባ፡ እንታይ ድኣ ኣምጺእካ? ኣብ ባይቶ ሰብኣዊ መስላት ድኣ ትመጽእ ዲኻ? ኢለ ሓተትኩዎ። እስኻን ጎይታኻ ኢሳያስ ገበን ኣንጻር ሰብኣውነት ኣብ ልዕሊ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ፈጺሞም እዮም፡ ብዝፈጸሙዎ ገበናት ብሓላፍነት ክሕተቱ ኣለዎም ንዝብል ናይ መርማሪት ኮምሽን ብይን ንከይሓልፍ፡ ንዑዑ ደው ንምባል ዲኻ መጺኻ? ኢለ ሓተትኩዎ። ኣይመለሰለይን። ኣነ ድማ በል ክትፈልጦ እቲ ኣፍሪሕኩም ዘሎ ብይን ክሓልፍ እዩ፡ እስኻን ጎይታኻ ኢሳያስን ድማ በቲ ኣብ ልዕሊ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ዝገበርኩሞ ገበን ክትሕተቱ ኢኹም። ዝገበርኩም እንተገበርኩም ካብ ሓላፍነት ኣይተምልጡን ኢኹም እንዳበልኩዎ ከለኹ፡ ኣብ ናይ ኒውዮርክ ኤንባሲ ኤርትራ ዝሰርሕ ኣማንኤል ጆርጆ ዝበሃል ሰብ መጺኡ፡ ንየማነ ገብርኣብ ወሰዶ።

እዚ ኩሉ ክንበሃሃል ከለና፡ ሃና ጴጥሮስ ሃንደበት ኮይኑዋ፡ የማነ ገብርኣብ ዝብሎ ዝነበረ ኣስደሚምዋ ሰምዓቶ። እታ ምስኡ ዝነበረትና እዋን ሓጻር ስለዝነበረት፡ ሓንደበት ‘ውን ስለዝረኸብናዮ ኣነ እቲ ክብሎ ዝደለኹ ከይበልኩዎ ክሓልፈኒ ስለዘይደለኹ ከይከደ ከሎ ምእንቲ ክሰምዕ፡ ቅልጥፍ ቅልጥፍ ኢለ እየ ዝዛረቦ ነይረ። ሃና ጴጥሮስ ‘ውን ዕድል እንተትረክብ ኔራ ብዙሕ ሕቶታት ምሓተተቶ ኔራ።

የማነ ገብርኣብ እቲ ዘገልግሎ መራሒኡ፡ እሱን መሰልቱን ገበን ኣንጻር ሰብኣውነት ኣብ ልዕሊ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ፈጺሞም ስለዝኾኑ ኣብ ናይ ዓለምለኻዊ ቤት ፍርዲ ቀሪቦም በቲ ዝገበሩዎ ገበን ክሕተቱ ኣለዎም ንዝብል ብይን ብባይቶ ሰብኣዊ መስላት ንከይሓልፍ ንሓደ ወርሒ ሙሉ እ፡ ኣብ ጄኔባ ሰፊሩ፡ ከየቋረጸ ጎስጉሱ፡ ደኺሙ፡ ጽዒሩ። ንሕና ድማ እቲ ብይን ክሓልፍ ኣለዎ ኢልና ጎስጉስና፡ ኣብ መወዳእታ ንሕና ተዓዊትና እቲ ብይን ብሙሉእ ድምጺ ሓሊፍ።

እቲ ብይን ናይ ውድብ ሕቡራት ሃገራት ሕጋዊ ሰነድ እዩ። ኣይሃስስ ኣይጠፍእ። እቲ ዝገበሩዎ ገበን ተሰኒዱ እዩ። ክሕተቱሉ ድማ እዮም።
ነቲ ኣብ ልዕሊ ህዝብን ሃገርን ክገብሩዎ ዝጸንሑ ገበናት ይቕጽሉዎ ኣለው፡ ግና ዕድሚኦም ሓጺር እዩ። በቲ ዝገበሩዎን ዝገብሩዎ ዘለው ገበናት ኣብ ፍርዲ ዝቀርቡሉ እዋን ቀሪቡ እዩ።

ፍትሒ ንኹሎም ናይ ሕልና እሱራትና!

ጸኒዕና ቅኑዕ ቃልሲ ነካይድ!

ዝሓለፈ ጌጋና ንከይንደግም ንጠንቀቅ!

ኤልሳ ጭሩም

ኣብ ሂዩስተንን ከባቢኣን ዝነብሩ ተቀማጦ ኤርትረኣውያን ብዛዕባ ኣብ ዋሽንግቶን ዲሲ ዝነበረ ናይ ማዕበል ያኣክል ሰሚናር ዘትዮም።

Image may contain: 4 people, people sitting, screen and indoor

ኣብ ሂዩስተን  ኣኼባ ብዕለት 6/15/2019 ተኻይዱ፡ ናይቲ ኣኼባ ትሕዝቶ ብዛዕባ  ኣብ ዋሽንግቶን ዲሲ ዝተኻየደ ሲምፓዝዮም 28 ዓመት መዓልቲ ናጽነት ኤርትራ ብ ኣቡወንበር ተ ስፋሂወት ኪዳነ  ጸብጻብ ቀሪቡ። ኩሎም ተሳተፍቲ  ኣኼባ  ሕቶን ሪኢቶን ብምቅራብ ንዝመጽእ ግዝየ ብኸመይ ንዳሎ፡ ኣብዚ ዝሐለፈ ህዝባዊ ኣኼባ ሽሕ ግዝየ እኳ ጉድለታት ይሃልወና ኩሉ ግዝየ ንዓና መምሃሪ ዳኣምበር ንመትከልና ዝዕንቅፍ ኣይኮነን ኢሎም ።ቃልስና ብእሂን ምሂን ኢልና ተላዚብና ንዝመጸና ዘሎ ዓበይቲ ብደሆታት ሐቢርና ክንቃለሶን ኣብ ግሉጽነት ዝተመርኮሰ መስርሕ ክንሰርሕ ከምዘላና ኢሎም ተማሕጺኖም።

ካብቶም ኣገደስቲ ነጥብታት ካብ ህዝቢ ሪኢቶ ዝነበረ ብቀዳምነት ኣብዘለናዮ ዞባታት ሐቢርና ክንሰርሕን ንምሳሌ ኩለን ኣብ ተክሳስ ዝርከባ ዞባታት ብስጡም ርክብና ብምቅጻል ንኹለን ዝጥርንፍ ሐደ ሽማገለ ጌርና ናይዛ ንነብረላ ዘለና ናይ ተክሳስ ጋቨርነር (Governor) ወይ ውን ሐለፍቲ ሰብ ስልጣን ብምዕዳም ሽግርና ምግላጽ ኣንጻር ዓማጺ ስርዓት ንቃለስ ከምዘለና ውን ንነብስና ምልላይ ከሙኡውን ዓቢ ፈስቲቫል/ሰሚናር/ብምግባር ክንላለ  ኣገዳሲ ኢዩ ዝብል ሐሳባቶም ለጊሶም።

ከምኡ ውን ዝበዝሕ ህዝቢ ኣብ ድሕሪ ያኣክል ናበይ ዝብል ሕቶታትን ንኹሉ ሕብሪ ኤርትራ ሐቘፉ ዘቃልስ ህዝባዊ ምንቅስቃስ ክኸውን ከ እንታይ እንተገበርና ይሐይሽ ዝብል ሕቶታት ብህዝቢ ቀሪቡ።ኩሎም ተሳተፍቲ ኣኼባ መልእክቶም  ናብ  ህዝቢ  ኤርትራ ኣመሐላሊፎም ንሱ ኻኣ ኩሉ ኤርትራዊ  ሐላፍነቱ ፈልጡ ነዚ ንገብሮ ዘለና ጎስጓስ ናይ ያኣክል ኣጸቢቁ ክቃለስ ንላቦ።

ዓወት ንውጹዕ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ

ውድቀትን ዕንወትና ንፋሺሽታዊ ህግደፍን ጉጅሉኡን።