Surgical Military Style Operation against the Eritrean Regime key Economic and Military Installations. (Aigaforum) 03-21-15

Some Eritrean news outlets have reported about a military style operation in Besha Eritrea’s only profitable mining pit and a key military depot near Asmara. We usually hear and read such news from the USA and Israel after they successfully carry such precises and selective operation against known terrorist camp and terror sponsor state institutions but this news is coming from Eritrea! The US or Israel have no interest in carrying such operation in Eritrea!

The likely culprit for such operation is probably a neighboring state and Ethiopia cannot be excluded. The Eritrean regime is harboring known terrorists and Ethiopian opposition groups who are hell bent to cause destruction in Ethiopia. Besides harboring and training armed Ethiopian opposition groups the regime also holds an Ethiopian air force military hardware in its hands which it has refused to return so far.  Ethiopia has also been lobbying the United Nation to strengthen the sanction against the Eritrean regime but to no avail so far. Therefore in our analysis the precise military operation may be carried out by Ethiopia and may signal a clear policy shift when it comes to dealing with the Eritrean regime.

If Ethiopia carried out the operation the message is clearly to show its capability that it can strike where ever in Eritrea if it chooses so and to warn the regime to stop interfering in Ethiopia’s affairs. The reason we think it may be Ethiopia that carried this operation is because the operation seems to be targeted to military and key regime institutions. The operation is clearly designed not to harm civilians since it was targeted on key regime sustaining economic and military targets.

The status quo between Ethiopia and Eritrea may be collapsing if the regime in Eritrea does not return Ethiopia’s military hardware it holds and deport or hand over wanted criminals it holds and dismantle terrorists training camps in its territory. According to unnamed officials we talked the Ethiopian government is losing hope the Eritrean regime will heed Ethiopia’s warning! The Ethiopian government also is not happy with current UN passed sanction as it has no teeth at all.  Ethiopia is expecting the UN to pass a meaningful sanction before it is too late.

From what we are hearing Ethiopia’s patience may be thin enough where it has reached the breaking point if it is stretched further.

See Also:

(1) ኣብ ማይ Eዳጋ ትኹል ኣብ ዝተባህለ ቦታ ኣብ ረብሓ ሓይልታት ምክልኻል ዝውEል ዝነበረ ዲፖመንነቶም

ብዘይተፈልጡ ኣካላት ከምዝተቓጸለ ኣብቲ ከባቢ ዝርከቡ ምንጭታትና ሓቢሮም ኣለዉ።

http://sallina.com/data/documents/hiji-zibetsihena-zena.pdf

 

(2)               http://sallina.com/data/documents/21-03-2015-news.pdf

 

BREAKING NEWS: እቲ ትማሊ ንናይ ሱዳን ጋዜጣ መበገሲ ብምግባር ብኣሰናን ካልኦት መርበባት ሓበሬታን ዝተዘርግሐ፣ ደብዳብ ነፈርቲ ኢትዮጵያ ኣብ መደበር ዕደና ቢሻ ጭቡጥ ምዃኑ መርበብ ሓበሬታ ኣሰና ኣብ ኤርትራ ብዝርከቡ እሙናት ምንጭታት ኣሰና ኣረጋጊኣቶ። By assenna on March 22, 2015

bisha_bombed 

 

እቲ ትማሊ ንናይ ሱዳን ጋዜጣ መበገሲ ብምግባር ብኣሰናን ካልኦት መርበባት ሓበሬታን ዝተዘርግሐ፣  ደብዳብ ነፈርቲ ኢትዮጵያ ኣብ መደበር ዕደና ቢሻ ጭቡጥ ምዃኑ መርበብ ሓበሬታ ኣሰና ኣብ ኤርትራ ብዝርከቡ እሙናት ምንጭታት ኣሰና ኣረጋጊኣቶ።

መርበብ ሓበሬታ ኣሰና ብወገና ነቲ ተፈጺሙ ዝተባህለ ደብዳብ ካብ ውሽጢ ኤርትራ ንምርግጋጽ ብዘካየደቶ ጻዕሪ መሰርት፣ እቲ ናይ ነፍረቲ ደብዳብ፣ ብ 20 መጋቢት 2015 ሰዓት 04፡30 ወጋሕታ ከምዝተፈጸመ ከተረጋግጽ ክኢላ አላ።

በቲ ደብዳብ ሓያለ ንብረት ናይቲ ዕደናዊ ትካል ክቃጸል ከምዝወዓለ ክረጋገጽ ከሎ፣ ስርዓት ህግደፍ ‘ብስም ምጽራይ’ ሰራሕተኛታት ናይቲ ትካል ናብ’ቲ ብደብዳብ ዝተቓጸለ ከባቢ ንኸይቀርቡ ከልኪሉዎም ኣሎ። ብዙሓት ሰራሕተኛታት ኩባንያ ቢሻ ካብ ኣቑርደት ዝመላለሱ ብምዃኖም ፤ ንግሆ ንስራሕ ከይኣትው ተኸልኪሎም ምውዓሎም’ውን እቲ ሓበሬታ የመልክት። ገለ ሰራሕተኛታት ናይቲ ትካል “እቲ መጥቃዕቲ ክቕጽል ይኽእል ኢዩ” ብዝብል ስግኣት ሓደጋ ከይወርዶም ተሻቒሎም ከምዘልዉ ‘ውን እቶም ምንጭታት ይጠቕሱ።

እቲ ደብዳብ፣ ኣስታት 40 ኪሎሜተር ካብ ኣስመራ ኣብ ከባቢ ደቀምሓረ አብ ማይ ዕዳጋ ዝብሃል ናይ ከቢድ ብረት መዓስከርን ዲፖ ነዳድን ‘ውን ብተመሰሳሊ ግዜን ሰዓትን ብዝተኻየደ ደብዳብ ከምዝተቓጸለ ‘ውን እቲ ሓበሬታ የገንዝብ። ነዚ ደብዳብ’ዚ ብዝምልከት ኣሰና ዝያዳ ሓበሬታ ንምርካብ ጻዕርታት ተካይድ ኣላ።

እቲ ወርቂ ቢሻ ዝመልኣሉ ነገር ስለዘይነበሮ ድሮ ዘይሕጉስ ዝነበረ ህዝቢ ነቲ ጉዳይ ብወረወረ ምስ ሰምዖ “እቲ ዝነደደ ሓጻዊን ናይ ካናዳዊት ኩባንያ፡ እቲ ክሰራ ወርቂ ድማ ናይ ኢሳያስ እንድኣሉ” እናበለ ክዛረብ ይስማዕ ከምዘሎ ‘ውን እቲ ምንጭታት ሓቢሮም። ንቢሻ፣ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ፣ ደቁ ብባርነት ዝምዝመዙላ፤ ሃብቲ ዝዝመተላ ቦታ ገይሩ ኢዩ ዝርእያ። ኣዘዝቲ ሰራዊት ከይተረከ ከም ሕዛእቲ ናይ ኢሳያስ ዝጥምትዋ ቦታ ‘ውን ኢያ።

እዘን ነፈርቲ ካብ ዶብ ኢትዮ-ኤርትራ 450 ኪ.ሜ ውሽጢ ኤርትራ ኣትየን ደብዳብ ክገብራ እንከለዋ፤ ዓቕሚ ምክልኻል ስርዓት ኢሳይያስ ባይታ ዘቢጡ ከምዘሎ ዘረጋግጸ ጭብጢ ኢዩ። ከምዝፍለጥ አብ ዝሓለፉ ዓመታት ሓያሎ ፓይሎታትን ክኢልታት ስርዓተ መከላኸሊ ኣየር፣ ራዳርን ሚሳይልን ዝነበሩ ሓይሊ ኣባላት ኣየር ኤርትራ ነቲ ስርዓት እናራሕርሑ ኣብ ወጻኢ ሃገራት ዑቑባ ክሓቱ ከምዝጸንሑ ይፍለጥ።

እቲ ንሓይልታት ምክልኻል ኤርትራ ኣዳኺሙዎን ኣንዒቑዎን ዝርከብ፣ ንርእሱ ‘ውን ምሉእብምሉእ ካብ ህዝቢ ትነጺሉ ዘሎ ምልካዊ ስርዓት ኢሳይያስ፣ ኣብዚ እዋን’ዚ ንዝኾነ ዝመጾ መጥቃዕቲ ግብረ መልሲ ክውስድ ይትረፍስ፣ መግለጺ’ውን ክህብ ኣይክእልን ዘሎ። እዚ ድማ፣ እቲ ኩንታት ናህሪ ወሲኹ ለኪሙዎ ከይከይድ ፍርሒ ስለዘለዎ፣ ብምጽቃጥ ኣረሳሲዑዎ ክሓልፍ ካብ ዘለዎ ናይ ራዕዲ ኩነት ዝብገስ እዩ።

ነፈርቲ ኩናት ኢትዮጵያ ዕደና ወርቒ ብሻ ደብዲበን  3/21/2015 posted by asmarino.com

ሰሒፋት አል-ሰሓፋ ዝተባህለ ጋዜጣ ሱዳን አብ ናይ ሎሚ መዓልቲ ሕታሙ ነፈርቲ ኩናት ኢትዮጵያ ማእከን ዕደና ወርቒ ብሻ ከምዝደብደባ አብ ጽሕፋቱ አስፊሩ፡፡  አብቲ ሎም ዕለት 21 መጋቢት ዝወጸት ጋዜጣ አል ሰሓፋ እቲ ካብ አስመራ አስታት 150 ክሎሜተር ርሒቑ ዝርከብ   ዕደና ወርቒ ብሻ ኤርትራ አብ ዓመት 300-400 ሚልዮን ዶላር ትረኽበሉ እንኮ እትዋት ኤርትራ ምኳኑ ብተወሳኪ ገሊጹ፡፡
እዚ ትማሊ ዝተካየደ ደብዳብ ኢትዮጵያ ምርጫ አብ ምግባር ትቐራረበሉ  ዘላ እዋን ነቲ ናይ ውሽጢ ኢትዮጵያ  አድህቦ ንምጥምዛዝ ከኸውን ከምዝክእል አብ ጽሑፋታ ዘስፈረት ሰዳናዊት ጋዜጣ አል-ሰሓፋ ብርቱዕ ነበልባልን ትኪን ካብ ርሑቕ ከምዝተራእየ’ውን ገሊጻ አላ፡፡
ምስዚ ዝተአሳሰር’ውን መርበብ ሓበሬታ ስሊና ብመንነቶም ዘይተፈልጡ አካላት ዕደና ወርቒ ብሻ ጉድአት ከምዘወረዶ አብዚ ናይ ሎሚ ሕታማ ገሊጻቶ’ላ፡፡
ድምጺ ደሊና ነዚ ንምርግጋጽ ናብ ቤትጽሕፈት ትካል ዕደና ኔቭሰስ ካናዳ ደዊልና ናብ አስመራ ክንድውል ብዝሓበሩና መሰረት ናብ ቤትጽሕፈት ኔቭሰስ አስመራ ደዊልና ዝምልስ ከምዘይተረክበን ክሳብ ሕጂ’ውን ብዛዕባ እዚ ኩነታት ቤት ጽሕፈት ኔቭሰስ አስመራ መብርሂ ክህበና ጻዕርታት ነካይድ ምህላውና ክንሕብር ንፈቱ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ዑደት ጉጅለ ኣህጉራዊ ኮርፖሬሽን ዜና ቢቢሲ ኣብ ኤርትራ ተራኺት፡ ጋዜጠኛ ቢቢሲ ያልዳ ሓኪን ጸብጻቢ፡ ድምጺ ኣመሪካ ኣህጉራዊ ኣገልግሎት፡ ዕለተ ሰኑይ 16 መጋቢት 2015 ትርጉም፡ ፈነወ ረድዮ ድምጺ ሰላምንን ደሞክራስን ኤርትራ

ዑደት ጉጅለ ኣህጉራዊ ኮርፖሬሽን ዜና ቢቢሲ ኣብ ኤርትራ ተራኺት፡ ጋዜጠኛ ቢቢሲ ያልዳ ሓኪን ጸብጻቢ፡ ድምጺ ኣመሪካ ኣህጉራዊ ኣገልግሎት፡ ዕለተ ሰኑይ 16 መጋቢት 2015 ትርጉም፡ ፈነወ ረድዮ ድምጺ ሰላምንን ደሞክራስን ኤርትራ

posted by togoruba

ኣብ መረታ ቀይሕ ኣብ ዝባን ድብታ ዘሎ ዘይወግዓዊ ቤት ማእሰርቲ ዝርከቡ እሱራት፡ ንህወቶም ኣብ ዘስግእ ኩነታት ከም ዝርከቡ ተገሊ 3/20/2015 posted by Gererger

ኣብ መረታ ቀይሕ ኣብ ዝባን ድብታ ዘሎ ዘይወግዓዊ ቤት ማእሰርቲ ዝርከቡ እሱራት፡ ንህወቶም ኣብ ዘስግእ ኩነታት ከም ዝርከቡ ተገሊ 3/20/2015 posted by Gererger

“የጨዋ ደሞዝ”: ናይ ጭዋ ደሞዝ። By assenna on March 19, 2015

Isaias_money_1

                         “የጨዋ ደሞዝ”: ናይ ጭዋ ደሞዝ።                 20.03.2015

“የጨዋ ደሞዝ” ካብ በለስ “ብኣምሓርኛ ክትብትባ ደልዩ” ኢልኩም ሓሲብኩም ትኾኑ’ምበር ኣይፋለይ። ንሳስ ንፕረሲደንት ኢሳይያስ ት ጽበ ዘላ ዕዮ ገዛ ኢያ። ከምዚ ትርእይዎ ሕሉፍ ድርቅና ኣምሓረተይቲ ግዳም ተኾይጡ ይርአ እንሆ። በቲ እንግዶት ዝተተባብዐት ሽዋተ ይቲ ድሮ ትርጉም ቋንቋን ሃገርን፡ ትርጉም ቋንቋን ፕሮቶኮልን ጥሒሳ ነቲ ዓዳሚኣ መራሕ ሃገር ከምናታ ብምጽብጻብ “ንምንታይ ፕረሲ ደንትና ብቋንቋና (ኣምሕርኛ) ዘይተዛረበ” ኢላ ኣኹሪፋ ክትርአስ ክንደይኮን ትዕሹ ኮይና? እንተላይ ክትጎርሕ። መራሕ ካልእ ሃገር ኣብ ዓዳ መጺኡ በቲ ናታ ክደራጓዕሲ መርኣያ ግሩም ዲፕሎማሲ ምተጸብጸበ። ኣብ ዘይሃገራኸ ናይምንታይ ሓለፋ’ዩ ኣምሓራ ክዝረበላ ተመ ንያ? እንበርከ ብዓንተቦኣ ኣምሕርኛ መረብዶ ትሰግር ነይራ ኢያ? እንተ ሽዑ ዋላ’ዃ ኢሳት ኣብ ኣስመራ ዘይተጸበየቶ ዘረባኣን ሳዕስዒታን ክድብል ከምዝራአየት እንተተኾመረት፡ ፕረሲደንት ኣብ ወግዑ፡ ነቶም ብተምሳል ገዛእቶም ዝሰርሑን ዝዛረቡን ህዝብታት ኣፍሪቃ እናነ ቐፈ፡ ከምህዝቢ ክሳብ ብዘይሓለዋ ዘናብር ንውንኖ ባህሊ ከምዘለና ከዕልላ ከምዘይተሰምዐ ኣሻባ ዘንጊዓቶ ሽዋ ቋን ቋ ከምዘለናዶስ ዕላ ሎም ነገር ነይርዎ?

ፕረሲደንት ሲሳይያስ ታሪኽ ናይ 19 ክፍለ-ዘመን እንተተኸፊቱ ከምታ ሳንዱቑ ፓንዱራ እዚ ዘይበሃል ተጓሟዲ ዝዘንብዐ ታሪኽ (Distorted history) ከምዝቕላዕ ተረዲኦም ሃገራውነት ኤርትራ ክርዕሙ ክብል ን50 ዓመታት ከምተጋደለ ኣረዲኡ ሎሚ እቲ ‘ብሰበብ ወያነ’ ተጣሚሙ ዝነበረ ተዓርዩ ንቡር ርክባት ክግበር ከምዝመዓደ ኮይኑ ኢዩ ተሰሚዕኒ። ንሶም በቲ ዘለዎም ናይ ምውዕዋዕ ጸብለልታ ነታ “ናብ ንቡር ንመለስ” ትብል ኣምር መንጢሎም ንእለታ ኣንድነት ቀስ-ብቀስ ዘይኮነትስ ሸዂዃ ብእግራ ትኸይድ ከምዘላ ከምስሉዋ ተቐ ዳደሙ ። ዝተደናገሩ ወይ ዝተላእኩ ገለ ኤርትራውያን’ውን ኣብ ኣኼባታቶም ክቀላቐሉ ተራእዩ። ነዚ ዝተዓዘበ ወዲ ሃገር ድማ ከምቲ ባዕሉ ዝበሎ እንተ ኣናብባና በበይኑ ኮይኑ ወይ’ውን እቲ ኣበሃህላ ግዲ ተሃዊስዎ ንኣበሃህላ ፕረሲደንና ክፍትሾ ተራእየ። ብኣውራኡ ኣብ ስርዓት ህግደፍ ግሉጽነት ስለዘየሎ ወዲ ሃገር እምነት ፕረሲደንቱ ኣጥፊኡ’ዩ። እሞ ፕረሲደንት ንዕዱማቱ ዝበሎም ነገራት ከይህሉ ምጥ ርጣር ንቡር ፖለቲካዊ መስርሕ ኢዩ። ንነገሩ ፕረሲደንት ኢሳይያስ እቲ “ዝዘንብዐ ታሪኽ ክዕረ ኣለዎ” ማለቱ እንተዘይኮይኑ ነታ ሳንዱቕ ፓንዶራ ስለዘይከፈተሎም ንርእሱ ገለ ካብቲ ኣብ ሳንዱቕ ህግደፍ ተዓሺጉ ዘሎ መስርሕ ምፍጣጥ ምዃኑ ትፈልጡዶ? በሉ ንሱስ ነቶም ‘ዝተቓደዉ’ ንግደፎ። እንተ’ቲ ጠለቦም ግን ድፍረት ክብሪ ሃገርና ስለዝኾነ ምምስሳል ወዲኣፎም ብሪ ገዲፍና ብዕቱብ ክንሪኦ ኣለና።

“’የጨዋ ደሞዝ’ እንታይ ማለት ምዃኑ’ዩ ናይ ሎሚ ዛዕባና። እቲ ንደቕና ናይ ዘመን እኒ-እኒ ታሪኽ ንዓና ንወለዲ ግና ርሕቕ ኣይኮነን’ሞ እዛ ናይ ጭዋ ደሞዝ ትብል ኣምሓረተይቲ ጥቕሲ’ውን ማዕረማዕረ ናይቲ ርሱን ሃገራዊ ሕቶና ዝተነዝሐት ፈላላይት መርዚ ትሕተ-ሃገራ ውነት ምንባራ ከዘኻኽር ኢለ’የ። ቅድሚ ደሞዝ ዝግብኦ ጭዋ ምዝራብና ግን ጭዋ እንታይ ማለት ምዃና እንተተዛረብናላ ይሓይሽ።

ብመሰረት መስፍናዊ ሕ/ሰብ እዚ ብጥበብ ኣምላኽ ዝተፈጥረ ሰብ ብስልጣን ከምቲ ከምኡ ወዲ-ሰብ ‘ጽርየት’ ፍጥረትና በበይኑ ምዃኑ ይኣምን። መቸም መስፍንነት ድሑር ክበሃል እንከሎ መርኣያ ኣለዎ። ብስነ-ፍልጠታዊ መጽናዕቲ ሰለስተ ዓይነት ሰብ (ጸሊም ጻዕዳን ብ ጫን) ከምዘሎ ተማሂርኩም ትኾኑ። ኣብ ስርዓተ መስፍንነት ዝነበረ መጽናዕቲ መደብ ጸሊም ሰብ ድማ ጭዋ፡ ባርያን ጎበጨረን (ሕዋስ) ተባሂልና ከምንጉጀል ዝጸንሓና ሓድግታቶም የረጋግጽ። ብፍልጠት መሳፍንቲ ጸሊም ሰብ ብተፈጥርኡ ትሕቲ ጻዕዳ ምዃኑ ንርእሱ ወዮ ጸሊም ገዛኢ ኣሚንሉ ነበረ። ኣብ ገለ ቤተ-መቕደሳት እንተረኣና’ውን ጻዕዳ’ምበር ጸሊም መልኣኽ ከምዘየለ ዘመልክት ትርኢት ኣሎ። እን ተኾነስ ጸለምቲ መሳፍንትና ለባማት ኴይኖም ብሉጽነቶም ክገልጹ ንዓሌት ጸለምቲ ዘቖመ ዓጽሚ ጽሩይን ዘይጽሩይን ኣውጽኡሉ። እቶ ም ብቁጠባን ብስልጣንን ዝደመቑ ሰባት ብተፈጥሮ’ውን ነብሶም ከም ሕሩያት ፈጣሪ ገይሮም ክወስዱ ኣይነሓፉን። ንሳቶም ካብቲ ካልእ ሰብ ክፍለዩ ምእንቲ ዝመረጽዎ መጸውዒ ጽሬት ትውልዲ ለካ‘ጭውነት’ ኢዩ ዝበሃል። ጭዋ ማለት እምበኣር ‘ምሩጽ ዘርኢ’ ማለት ከ ምዝኾነት’ውን ጸደቐት። ከምኡድማ ዕጫ ጭዋ ትውልዲ ሕርያ ኣምላኽ ከምዝኾነ ይግለጽ ነበረ። ካብኡ ዘዝተረፍና ‘ባራዩ’ ኢና።

ሃገርና ኣብ ትሕቲ’ታ ብክቱር መስፍንነት ዝተሓመሰት ኢቲዮጲያ ክትቁረን ኣብ ዝተገደደትሉ እዋን ናታ ከይኣኽላ ኩሉ’ቲ ናይ ገዛኢትና መከራ ከይተረፈ ክትስከም ግድን ኮና። ኣብ 19 ክፍለ-ዘመን ኣብዝነበረ መስፍናዊ ወራራት ተሳጊሮም ካብዝመጹና ወረርቲ ዝተረፈ ሓድ ግታት’ውን ክሳብ ሎሚ ኣሎ። ገለ ኣብነት ንምጥቃስ ክብል ኢየ ድማኣምር ‘ጭውነት’ ዝተናኽፎ ዘለኹ። እዚ ብፍላይ ድሕሪ ውግእ ዓ ድዋ ኣዝዩ ተጋህደ። ጎረቤትና ታሪኽ ዘሕብእ ሕማም ከምዘለዋ ትፈልጡ ዘበልኩም ታሪኽ ኣቦሓጎታት ኣቦሓጎታትኹም ብምዃኑ ትርጉ ሙ ፈታትሽኩም ክትፈልጥዎ እናተላበኹ ንሎሚ ግና ከምኣብነት ጥራይ ኢየ ክጠቕሶ።

ከምዝፍለጥ ውግእ ዓድዋ ብዘይተሳትፎ ኤርትራውያን ክዕወትስ ይትረፍ ኣይምተሓስበን’ውን። ሽዑ ሓደ ካብቶም ንመግዛእቲ ጣልያን መኪቶም ዝሰገሩን ኣብቲ ውግእ ኣብ ወሳኒቦታ ኣድብዩ ብምጽናሕ ትንግርቲ ዝሰርሐን ጅግና ደጊያት ኣበራን ሰራዊቱን ክዝክር እኽእል። ንጉስ መነሊኽ’ውን ክሳብ “ከሺ ኣማራ ኣንድ ኣበራ” ኢሎም ዝመስከሩሉ ደግያት ድሕሪ’ቲ ዓወት ብሽሕጣንን ጥልመትን ንጉስ መነሊክ ተቐርቂሩ ምስሰራዊቱ ንሽዋ ምስተደፍአ ኣይተመልሰን። ተንኮል ኢቲዮጲያውያን እንኮላይ ንጥልመቶም ዝሽፍን ክኾነሎም ምእንቲ ነቶ ም ናይቲ ግዜ ጀጋኑ እናሳዕ “ኣርበኖች ጀግኖች ሃማሴኖች” ከምኡ’ውን “ስመጥሩ ሓማሴኖች” እናበሉ ክሽሕጡዎም ተራእዩ። “ጤሰኛች” ብዝብል ተወሳኺ መጸውዒ ከምፍረ-ጻማ ናይ ጀግንነቶም ኣብ ከባቢ ሻሸመኔ (ካብ ኣዲስ ኣበባ 280 ኪ.ሜ. ንደቡብ) መሬት ዓዲሎም ኣጣየስዎም። ምናልባሽ እዚ ምግባሮም ሓልዮት እንተመሲልኩም ኣይሓልዮትን። ሎሚ’ውን ‘ሃሳሳት’ ከይትበሃሉስ ውግእ ዓድዋ ቅድሚ ምዃኑ እንታይ ነይሩ’ቲ ውዕል? ድሓር ስለምንታይ ጠሊሞም? ስለምንታይከ መሓውር ኤርትራ ቆሪጾም? ውዕል ውጫሌኸ ከም’ዚሎሚ ዘመዓራረይዎ ትርጉም ድዩ ነይሩ’ቲ ናይ ሽዑ መኻልፉ? ብሓጺሩስ ጥበብ’ዞም ካብ ጥንቱ ሕውነትናን ምስልናን ‘ዝማረኾም’ ቀተልትና ሕጂ’ው ንምፍታሹን ብዕቱብ ምሓዙን ንዓኹም ንተካእቲ ንገድፎ ከምዘለና ኣይትዘንግዑ። ጾታ ብዘይፈሊ ኣእዛንካ ብዘብለጭልጭ ስቑ ሬናት ሸሸኺልካ ዕውንውን መግለጺ ዘመናውነት ብዘይምዃኑ ኣየዋጽእን’ዩ’ሞ ፍቐዶ ፓልቶካት ምጽራድ ገዲፍኩም ንሓድነት ድለዩዋ።

በቲ እዋን እቲ ንዓና ዝለከመ ኣብ ማእከል ኢቲዮጲያ ዝነበረ መስፍናዊ ወራራት ምስ ምእታው ጣልያን መልክዑ ቀየረ። ሃገርና ድማ ካ ብ መስፋናዊ ወራራት ናብ ርእሰ-ማላዊ ገዛኢ ተሰጋገረት። ድሕሪ 60 ዓመት ጣልያን ብዓለማዊ ሓይሊ ምስተሳዕረ እታ ምስቲ ዝሰዓረ ሓይሊ ዝወገነት ኢቲዮጲያ ንኤርትራ ተንበርክኸላ ህሞት ረኸበት። ሽዑ ሓያላን ንሃገርና ንኢቲዮጲያ ሓቝፎም ምስኣረከቡዋ ጎረቤትና ብታሕጓስ ጭድድ ፍንጭሕ ክትብል ገዛኢነታ ክትኣምኖ ኣይካአለትን። ከምሳዕቤኑ ምዕባለኡ ዘይተኸተለ ምስሊ መግዛእቲ ተራእየ። ብ ፖለቲካዊ ክዳኑ ብስም ውህደት ኣብትሕቲኣ፡ ብደረጃ ምዕባለን ስልጣነን ልዕሊኣ ብምዃን ዘይመጣጠን ምስሊ መግዛእቲ ክርአ ግድን ኮነ። ነዚ ኢዮም ወዮም ጎራሓት ሃገርና ምስ ወላዲት ሃገራ ከምተጸንምበረት እምበር ከምዘይተገዝአት፡ እንተትግዛእ ኤርትራውያን ካብ ራብዓይ ክፍሊ ንላዕሊ ክመሃሩ፡ ትካላት ክውንኑ ….ኣይምኻአሉን” ዝብል ጎስጓስ ሎሚ ከምሓድሽ ዝደግሶም ዘሎ። ኢቲዮጲያ ከምዚ ና ይ ኣፓርታይድ ክትሕዘና ከተባርረና ኣይፈተነትን ዲያ? ኣብርእሲ’ቲ ኣብ ዓድዋ ትፈልጦ ህዝቢ፡ እቲ ኣብ ማእከል ከተማኣ ኣንጻር ግራዝ ያኒ መስዋእቲ ዝኸፈለ፡ ኣብርእሲ’ቲ ዘይናቱ ዘይደሊ፡ ናቱ ዘይህብ ኤርትራውስ እንታይ ዝኣመሰለ ዓቕሚ ስለዝነበራኸ ክትጉንጾ?

ሕማም ካብሱሩ እንተዘይተፈዊሱ ኩሉግዜ ክደግስ ይኽእል። እቲ ዊንታ ሕጂ’ውን ከፋፊልካ ግዛእ ኢዩ። እቲ ንድሌት ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ዝ ዓበሰ ናይ ሓሶት ውህደት ሓንቲ ግዜ ክትኮስ ምዃኑ ፍሉጥ ነበረ። ስለዚ ወዮም ጎራሕ ንጉስ ማእለያ ዘይብሉ ሸረኻት ገዛእቲ ኣዳለዉ። እቲ ብትውልዲ፡ ብዓባይ ኢቲዮጲያውነት፡ ብደቂ ይሁዳነት፡ ዝተነጽፈ መሐንኮሊ ኮታ ክንደይ ክበሃል። ብታሪኻዊ መዳያቱ ይብሉና ክ ሳብ ንግስቲ ሳባ ኣብ ማይበላ ንመነሊክ ቀዳማይ ወሊዳ። በቲ ባህላዊ መዳያቱ መበቆል ሰብና ጭዋን ባርያን ከምዝኾነ። ቀንዲ መፈልፈ ሊት ዓይኒ ጭዋነት ስግር መረብ ከምዘላ ዘዝተጎስጎሰ ዘበለ ድማ ጽሩይ ምዃኑ ብትዕቢት ኣብ ዝገልጸሉ ንደቡብ እናጠመተ ብ’ጭዋነቱ’ ክምካሕ ነይርዎ። ስለዚ “ትግራይ ዘይውለድ ነይጭዋ” ክበሃል ተጀመረ። ሰብና ድማ እቲ ወወናሙ ካብ መንዜ ማእከል ሃገር ሽዋ፡ ካብ ጎንደረ-ላስታ፡ ካብ ተንቤነ-እንደርታ…. ኮታ ካበይከ ካበይ ከምዝፈለሰ ከምስል ቀንዖ።

ኣብ ግዜ ጎስጓስ ዓደይ-ዓደይ ኢቲዮጲያ ኣብ ሕዛእቲ ከምተፈነወ መጭዓና ነቶም ክልተ መወለድ ዘለዎም ኣበርቲዓ ተጠቕመትሎም። ነቶ ም ሓድነት ከምሓይሊ ሓሲቦም ክረድዩ ዝደልዩ’ውን ከምኡ። ኣብ ውሽጢ ህዝቢ ዘሪቛ ብምእታው ድማ ብናይገዛእ ርእሳ ሕርያ ሹማም ንቲ ክትሰርዕ ጀመረት። ጭውነት ከኣ ቀንዲ መዐደሊት ሽመት ከምዝነበረት ይትረኽ። እቲ ታሪኹ ዘዝፈለጠ ሰብና ቁንቁኛ ስግር መረብ ተረዲኡ ናይ ባዕሉ ‘ጭውነት’ ክጭርሕ ምስጀመረ ንምንጻል ካብ ዝተጠቕሙሉ ሰራም ጥበብ ነበረ ጭውነት። ቀስብቀስ’ውን ጭውነት ከም ግንዖ ብደረጃታት ክሳብ ታሕቲ እናዓደሉ ከም ፖለቲካዊ ሻምላ ክጥቀሙላ ተራእዩ።

ሓደ ሰብ ጭውነቱ እንተተመስኪርሉ ነብሱ ካብቲ ካልእ ብጸብለልታ ትጉባእ። ጭውነት ብሱሩ ክሳብ ነብስኻ ኣካል ናይቲ ንጉሳዊ ቤተ-ሰብ ምቑጻር ከምዝሕሰብ ክመስል ከምተፈተነ ኣይትረስዑ። ብፍሑኽፍሑኽ ድማ ኣብጽፍሒ ይሃሉ ኣይሃሉ ምዕዳል ገንዘብ መጸት። “የ ጨዋ ደሞዝ” ትበሃል ወርሓዊት ክፍሊት ብሕቡእ ፈፈሪምካ ዓዃሊልካ ኣብ ጁባኻ ሰሰዂዕካ ምስዋር ኮነ። መጠን የጨዋ ደሞዝ 30 ብ ር ከምዝነበራ ይዝንቶ። ሽዑ ሰላሳብ ብር ግጥም ኮይኑ የንብር ነበረ። ጉድ ኢዩ፡ ሳላ ‘ጭዋነት’ ብኾፍካ ምንባር!

ንእዋናዊ ዕድል ዝበሃገ ሓደ ሰብ በቲ ሓደ ጭዋነቱ ብመሳልል ንግስነት ከምተመስከረሉ፡ ብካልኣይ ብሳላ ጭዋነት ኣብ መሳልል ስልጣን ምኹያጥ፡ ብሳልሳይ ብሳላ ጭውነት ብድጎማ ክንበር፡ ሓያል ውህብቶ ኢዩ። እንተኾነስ እዚ ዕድል’ዚ ዝኸበደ ሓላፍነት የሰክሞም ከም ዝነበረኸ ብሩህዶ ሓቀይ? እቲ ደሞዝ ዋጋ ጥልመት ገዛእ ሓዎም፡ ህዝቦምን ሃገሮምን ምንባሩኸ……

ክበልዕ ዝበለ ገደል ካብኮነት ኣፉ፡ ሓንሳብ ዝኾለሰት ኣፍ ድማ ኣብ ብላዕ ወይ ጉቦ ተደርጊማ ማለት ኢዩ። ኣብ ሕ/ሰብና ጉቦ ኣዝያ ነው ሪ ብምንባራ ኣይትሕሰብን’ውን ነበረት። ክትበልዕ ዝተመነየት ከብዲ ድማ መንነታ ብልዒ’ምበር ክብረት ኣይኮነን። ስለኡ ዝተቐረበ ምር ጫ እንተዝቕረብ እታ ድምጺ ሓንቲ ጥራይ ነበረት። ‘ኣንድነት’ ኣኸለ። ብከምዚ ኢያበሉ ሰላሕታ ኲናት ጭዋ ደሞዝ ኣብ ሃገራውነትና ጎዳኢ ኣሉታ ዝተጻወተት።

ህግደፋዊት ናይ ጭዋ ደሞዝከ?

ጎደፋ፡

Eritreans flee camps but find they’re in psychological prisons By assenna on March 19, 2015

Eri_Refugees15

Eritrea is one of the most repressive states in the world and the refugee camps offer little freedom or safety, but enslavement and abuse instead.

Television journalist Temesghen Debesai had waited years for an opportunity to make his escape from Eritrea, so when the country’s ministry of information sent him on a journalism TRAINING COURSE in Bahrain he was delighted, but fearful too.

On arrival in Bahrain, he quietly evaded the state officials who were following him and got in touch with Reporters Sans Frontières. Shortly after that he met officials from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), who verified his details. He then went into hiding for two months so the Eritrean officials in Bahrain could not catch up with him and eventually he escaped to Britain.

Debesai told no one of his plans, not even his family. He was concerned he was being watched. He says a “state of paranoia was everywhere” and there was no freedom of expression. Life in Eritrea, he explains, had become a “psychological prison”.

Crackdown on dissent
After graduating top of his class from Eritrea’s Asmara UNIVERSITY, Debesai became a well-known TV journalist for state-runnews agency Erina UPDATE. But from 2001, the real crackdown began and independent newspapers such as Setit, Tsigenai andKeste Debena, were shut down. In raids, journalists from these papers were arrested en masse. He suspects many of those arrested were tortured or killed, and many were never heard of again. No independent domestic news agency has operated in Eritrea since 2001, the same year the country’s last accredited foreign reporter was expelled.

The authorities became fearful of internal dissent. Debesai noticed this at close hand, having interviewed President Isaias Afwerki on several occasions. He describes these interviews as propaganda exercises because all questions were pre-agreed with the minister of information. As the situation worsened in Eritrea, the post-liberation haze of euphoria began to fade. Eritrea went into lockdown. Its borders were closed, communication with the outside world was forbidden, travel abroad without state approval was not allowed. Men and women between the ages of 18 and 40 could be called up for indefinite national service. A shoot-to-kill policy was imposedfor anyone crossing the border into Ethiopia.

Debesai felt he had no other choice but to leave Eritrea. As a well-known TV journalist he could not risk walking across into Sudan or Ethiopia, so he waited until he got the chance to leave for Bahrain.

The world’s most secretive state
Eritrea was once a colony of Italy. It came under British administrative control in 1941, before the UN “federated” Eritrea to Ethiopia in 1952. Nine years later Emperor Haile Selassie dissolved the federation and annexed Eritrea, sparking Africa’s longest war. This long, bitter war glued the Eritrean people to their struggle for independence from Ethiopia. Debesai, whose family went into exile in Saudi Arabia in the 1970s, returned to Eritrea as a teenager in 1992, a year after the Eritrean People’s Liberation Front (EPLF) captured the capital Asmara.

For Debesai, returning to Asmara had been a “personal choice”. He wanted to be a part of rebuilding his nation after a 30-year conflict and, besides, he says, life in post-war Asmara was “socially free”, a welcome antidote to conservative Saudi life. Those heady days were electric, he says.

An air of “patriotic nationalism” pervaded the country. Women danced in the streets for days to welcome back EPLF fighters. Asmara had remained largely unscathed during the war thanks to its high mountain elevation. Much of its beautiful 1930s Italian modernist architecture was intact, something Debesai was delighted to see.

But those early signs of hope that greeted independence quickly soured. By 1993 Eritreans overwhelmingly voted for independence and since then Eritrea has been run by Afwerki, the former rebel leader of the EPLF. Not a singleelection has been held since the country gained independence.

Today Eritrea is one of the world’s most repressive and secretive states. There are no opposition parties and no independent media. No independent public gatherings or civil society organisations are permitted. Amnesty International estimates there are 10 000 prisoners of conscience in Eritrea, who include journalists, critics, dissidents, as well as men and women who have evaded conscription. Eritrea is ranked the worst country for press freedom in the world by Reporters Sans Frontières.

No way out but on foot
The only way for the vast majority of Eritreans to flee their isolated, closed-off country is on foot. They walk over the border to Sudan and Ethiopia. The UN says there are 216 000 Eritrean refugees in Ethiopia and Sudan. By the end of October 2014, Sudan alone was home to 106?859 Eritrean refugees in camps at Gaderef and Kassala in the eastern, arid region of the country.

In Ethiopia, Eritrean refugees are found mostly in four refugee camps in the Tigray region, and two in the Afar region in northeastern Ethiopia.

During the first 10 months of 2014, 36 678 Eritreans sought refuge across Europe, compared with 12 960 during the same period in 2013. Most asylum requests were to Sweden (9 531), Germany (9 362) and Switzerland (5 652). The UN says the majority of these Eritrean refugees arrived by boat across the Mediterranean. Most are young men, who had been forced into military conscription. All conscripts have to go to Sawa, a desert town and home to a military camp, or what Human Rights Watch has called an open-air prison.

Many young men see no way out but to leave Eritrea. For them, leaving on a perilous journey for a life outside their home country is better than staying. The Eritrean refugee crisis in Europe took a sharp upward turn in 2014, as the UNHCR numbers show. Tragedies like the drowning of hundreds of Eritrean refugees off the Italian island of Lampedusa in October 2013 demonstrate the perils of the journey west and how desperate these people are.

Frightened asylum seekers
Eritrean refugees who go no further than Sudan and Ethiopia face a grim situation. According to Lul Seyoum, director of International Centre for Eritrean Refugees and Asylum Seekers, Eritrean refugees in a number of isolated camps inside Sudan and Ethiopia face trafficking and other gross human rights violations. They are afraid to speak to, and meet, each other. She said the situation had worsened since Sudan and Eritrea became closer politically.

Eritrea had a hostile relationship with Sudan during the 1990s. It supported the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement, much to the anger of President Omar al-Bashir who was locked in a bitter war with the people of now-independent South Sudan. Today tensions have eased and Afwerki has a much friendlier relationship with Sudan – to the detriment of the tens of thousands of Eritrean refugees in Sudan.

A former Eritrean ministry of EDUCATION official, who is a refugee in the United Kingdom and who is afraid to be named, believes Eritreans have no freedom to speak out in Ethopian camps such as Shimelba.

The official says that in 2013 a group of Eritrean refugees came together at a camp to express their views about the boat sinking near Lampedusa and Ethiopian authorities fired live bullets at them.

Traffickers in cahoots with authorities
Seyoum believes the movement of Eritreans in camps in Ethiopia is restricted. “The Ethiopian government does not allow them to leave the camps without permission,” she says.

Very few of those who do get permission to leave end up in Ethiopia. Instead, through CORRUPT mechanisms, they are trafficked to Sudan.

According to Human Rights Watch, hundreds of Eritreans have been enslaved in camps in Sudan and Egypt over the past 10 years, many enduring violence and rape at their hands of their traffickers in collusion with state authorities.

Eritreans who make it to the West are afraid to speak publicly and are fearful for their families back home.

Now based in London, Debesai is a TV presenter for Sports News Africa. As an exile who has taken a stance against the regime of Afwerki, he has faced harassment and threats. Over coffee, he shows me a tweet he’s just received from Tesfa News, a so-called “independent online magazine”, in which they accuse him of being a “backstabber” acting against the government and people of Eritrea.

Others face similar threats, including the former EDUCATION ministry official. A number of Eritreans said they did not want to be interviewed by me because they were afraid of the consequences.

Debesai said: “It takes time to overcome the past, so that even for those in exile in the West the imprisonment CONTINUES.” He adds: “These refugees come out of a physical prison and go into psychological imprisonment.”

Source: Mail & Guardian

This article was first published in the quarterly Index on Censorship magazine.

  • Ismail Einashe is a journalist and a researcher, based in London. He tweets @IsmailEinashe