Libya crisis: Obama appeals to Gulf states 6 hours ago From the sectionAfrica

Fighters from the Fajr Libya (Libya Dawn), an alliance of Islamist-backed militias, take cover as during clashes with an opposing militia in Bir al-Ghanam, around 50 kilometres (30 miles) from the capital on March 19, 2015

 

President Obama has called on Gulf nations to use their influence on Libya’s warring factions to help resolve the chaotic situation there.

He said those nations had been seen to “fan the flames of military conflict” in the North African country.

Libya has been in turmoil since the removal of former leader Muammar Gaddafi in 2011.

There are two rival governments and numerous militia controlling their own patches of territory.

Divisions have emerged among Gulf nations on Libya, with the United Arab Emirates (UAE) reportedly bombing Islamist targets in Libya and Qatar expressing reservations about such operations.

President Barack Obama (R) greets Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi after their joint news conference in the East Room of the White House in Washington April 17, 2015
President Obama discussed the situation in Libya with the Italian Prime Minister, Matteo Renzi

But Mr Obama said the crisis in Libya, where Islamic State has built a presence, could not be ended with “a few drone strikes or a few military operations”.

“We’re going to have to encourage some of the countries inside of the Gulf who have, I think, influence over the various factions inside of Libya to be more cooperative themselves,” Mr Obama told reporters.

“In some cases, you’ve seen them fan the flames of military conflict, rather than try to reduce them.”

The US president is due to host leaders of the six leaders of the Gulf Cooperation Council – from Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the UAE – next month at the White House.

Migrants rest after they disembarked in the Sicilian harbour of Augusta, April 16, 2015

 

Many migrants have travelled from Libya to try to reach Europe

People trafficking networks have thrived during Libya’s instability, making it the major departure point for migrants attempting the often dangerous journey to Europe.

President Obama was speaking alongside the Italian Prime Minister, Matteo Renzi, whose authorities have picked up more than 10,000 migrants in recent days.

Mr Renzi said the only way to solve the problem would be to restore stability to Libya.

“I think the Mediterranean is a sea and not a cemetery. The problem at this moment is the situation on the ground in Libya,” he said.

Among the latest to be rescued by the Italian coastguard were a group of 70 migrants, many of whom were badly burnt by a cooking gas canister explosion, the UN said.

Rescued migrant talks about attempt to reach Italy 18 April 2015 Last updated at 09:58 BST

 

Over the last week, Italy has rescued around 10,000 migrants from the Mediterranean Sea.

Among them was a 21-year old student from Eritrea, who was picked up on Monday, along with 480 fellow migrants.

James Reynolds spoke to him about his hopes for the future.

Iranian ship convoy moves toward Yemen, alarming US officials- By Kristina Wong – 04/17/15 06:39 PM EDT

 

U.S. military officials are concerned that Iran’s support for Houthi rebels in Yemen could spark a confrontation with Saudi Arabia and plunge the region into sectarian war.

Iran is sending an armada of seven to nine ships — some with weapons — toward Yemen in a potential attempt to resupply the Shia Houthi rebels, according to two U.S. defense officials.Officials fear the move could lead to a showdown with the U.S. or other members of a Saudi-led coalition, which is enforcing a naval blockade of Yemen and is conducting its fourth week of airstrikes against the Houthis.

Iran sent a destroyer and another vessel to waters near Yemen last week but said it was part of a routine counter-piracy mission.

What’s unusual about the new deployment, which set out this week, is that the Iranians are not trying to conceal it, officials said. Instead, they appear to be trying to “communicate it” to the U.S. and its allies in the Gulf.

It is not clear what will happen as the convoy comes closer to Yemen. Saudi Arabia has deployed ships around Yemen to enforce the blockade, as has Egypt. An official said the ship convoy could try to land at a port in Aden, which the Houthis have taken over.

Although the U.S. is assisting with the Saudi-led air campaign, it is not participating in the naval blockade of Yemen, said U.S. Central Command spokesman Col. Pat Ryder.

However, the U.S. Navy is in the region and has already “consensually boarded” one Panamanian-flagged ship in the Red Sea on April 1 on the suspicion it was illegally carrying arms for the Houthis.

None were found, but the move raised alarm bells in Washington over an increasingly active U.S. military role in the conflict. The Pentagon indicated this week that more boardings could occur.

“We will continue to vigilantly defend freedom of navigation and to conduct consensual searches in an effort to ensure that drugs, human trafficking, weapons trafficking and other contraband are limited,” Army Col. Steve Warren said on Monday.

Officials fear a naval confrontation between Iran and Saudi Arabia could escalate what has become a proxy war between the two countries.

The U.S. has been supporting the airstrikes with intelligence and logistical support, and last week began refueling Saudi fighter jets. Administration officials say it is important to support Saudi Arabia.

Earlier this week, a senior State Department officials said the U.S. would try to ensure that a United Nations Security Council arms embargo against Houthi leadership is enforced.

“We will be taking very careful look and examining very closely efforts to violate the embargo,” senior State Department official Gerald Feierstein told the House Foreign Affairs Committee.

The deepening of the conflict comes as the U.S. hopes to reach a deal with Iran to roll back its nuclear program in exchange for sanctions relief. Officials say U.S. support for the Saudi-led coalition has not affected the negotiations with Iran.

The conflict also threatens to complicate U.S.’s relations with Iraq. Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi, an Iran ally, criticized Saudi Arabia for its airstrike campaign during a visit to Washington this week.

U.S. officials say they are unsure why Iran is making the brazen move. One theory they have floated is that the Saudi-led coalition has effectively blockaded any air routes into Yemen and there are no other ways to resupply the Houthis.

Another theory is that Iran is trying to distract the coalition from another ship it has tried hard to conceal that is currently docked at Oman — a potential land route for smuggling arms into Yemen.

Yet another theory is that Iran wants to force a confrontation with Saudi Arabia that it believes it will win, because Iran views the Saudi military as weak and suspects the U.S. lacks the willpower to support its Gulf ally.

Earlier this week, Iranian Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei on Twitter taunted Saudi Arabia, calling its military puny and smaller than Israel’s. He also said the air campaign was tantamount to genocide of innocent Yemeni civilians and that the U.S. would also fail in Yemen.

U.S. officials say they hope the airstrikes will force Houthis to the negotiating table in order to restore stability in Yemen, where America faces a terrorist threat from al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP).

“We’re assisting the Saudis to protect their own territory and to conduct operations that are designed to lead ultimately to a political settlement to Yemen,” said Defense Secretary Ashton Carter on Thursday.

“That’s good for the people of Yemen, first and foremost. It’s good for Saudi Arabia that doesn’t need this on its southern border.  And … it’s good for us, among other reasons, because of AQAP’s presence in Yemen. But for that to occur, it’ll require more than military action,” he added.

ኣቡነ ሲኖዳ፡ ብሽም ሕጊ ቃለ-ኣዋዲ ኣመኽንዮም ኦርቶዶክስ ቤተክርስቲያናት ንምብትታን ይጓየዩ ኣለዉ (ጥብቆ ቅዳሕ ደብዳበ ድሕሪ’ዚ ዓንቀጽ ኣለኩም) By assenna on April 16, 2015

Synod_letter

እቲ ቀዲ ምኽንያት ነዛ ጽሑፍ ክጽሕፍ ዝደፋፋኣኒ እታ ብዕለት 3/30/2015 ኣብ ኣሰና “ ስርዓት ህግደፍ ኣብ ኣሜሪካ ዝርከባ ናይ ተዋህዶ ቤተክርስቲያናት ንምፍራስ ኣባላት ሃሱሳት ሰሪዑ ኣሎ” ብዝብል ኣርእስቲ ብምንባበይን ከምእውን ብዛዕባ እዛ ጽሑፍ ምስ ሓደ እሙን ዓርከይ (ኣባል ሰበኻ ጉባኤ ናይ ሓደ ቤተክርስቲያን) ብተሌፎን እንዳዕለልና ከሎና እዚ ዓርከይ በዓል ብጹእ ኣቦና ሲኖዳ’ውን ምስ ውሑዳት ካህናት ኮይኖም ብሓደ ሸንኽ ንቤተ ክርስቲያናት ክበታትን ዝኽእል ብኻልእ ሽነኽ ከኣ ምስ ህግደፍ ልፍንቲ ፈጢሮም ይኾኑ እዩም ዝብል ሕቶ ክልዕል ዝኽእል ደብዳቤ ሰዲዶም ኣለዉ ይብለኒ። እዛ ድበዳቤ ቅዳሕ እንትሎካ ሃበኒ ይብሎ አንተኾነ ግና ክህበኒ ድልው ኣይነብረን። በል ክትህበኒ ካብ ዘይደለኻ ሕልፍ ሕልፍ ኢልካ ብዛዕባ ትሕዝቶ እታ ደብዳቤ ንገረኒ ይብሎ። እቲ ሕጊ ቃለ-ኣዋዲ ብዙሕ ኣይርዳኣንን እዩ ግና ኣብታ ደብዳቤ ከምዚ ከምዚ ከምዚ ዝብል ትሕዝቶ ዘለዎ ተጻሒፉ ኣሎ ይብለኒ። ኣነ ብወገነይ ጽን ኢለ ምስ ሰማዕክዎ “ኣዚ ደኣ መዓስ ጽቡቕ ኮይኑ ንቤተክርስቲያናት በዓል ኣቡነ ሲኖዳ ምስ ቁንጣሮ ዝኾኑ ካህናት ኮይኖም ገለ ሓሲበሙሉ ኣለው ማለት እዩ፣ ንስኻ’ውን ንቤተክርስቲያንካን ካልኦትን ከይበታትና ሓላፍነት ስልዘሎካ እዛ ደብዳቤ ኣመንቲ ናይ ኤርትራ ኦርቶዶክስ ተሃህዶ ቤተ ክርስቲያን ዝኮኑ ክፈልጥዎ ኣለዎም ዝብል ለበዋ” ይልግሰሉ። እዚኣስ እንድዒ ብዝኾነ ክሓስበላ እየ ዝብለ መልሲ ሂቡ ይፋነወኒ።

እቲ ዓርከይ ነቲ ዝተዘራረብናዮ ብዛዕባ እታ ደብዳቤ ሕልኒኡ ኳሕኴሒዎ’ዩ ይመስለኒ እታ ናብ ቤተክርስቲያናት ዝተሰደደትን ከምእውን  ካለኤቲ ደብዳቤ ቅዱስ ሲነዶስ ናብ ኣቡነ ሲኖዳ ዝሰደድዋ ኣብ ኢሜለይ ኣታሓሒዙ ይስደለይ። ኣነ’ውን እተን ደብዳቤታት ዝተሰዳ ድሕሪ ምንባበይ ትሕዝቶ እታ ሓንቲ ደብዳቤ ቤተክርስቲያን ንምብትታን ከምእውን ህግደፍ ኣብ ወጻኢ ዘለዋ ቤተክርስቲያናት ኢዱ ክእትው ማዕጾ ክፍተሉ ይኽእል እዩ ዝብል መደምድምታ ስልዝበጻህኩ፣ እታ ደብዳቤ ምስ ካልኣት ኣብ ካልእ እስቴታት ዝቕመጡ ግና ብቤተ ክርስቲያኖም ዝግደሱ ድሕሪ ምዝታይ፣ ካብታ ደብዳቤ ሓደ ሓደ ነጥብታት ብምልዓል እቲ በዓል ኣቡነ ሲኖዳ “ ቃለ-ኣዋዲ” ብዝብል ምስምስ  ንቤተ ክርስቲያናት ሕንፍሽ ፍሽ ንምእታው ከም’ውን ገንዘብ ቤተ ክርስቲያናት ንምጥፍፋእ ከይጥቀሙል ብዝብል ሕሊና ተበጊስና ነዛ ጽሑፍ ኣዳሊና ከምእውን ንሓደ ሓደ ኣገዳሲ ነጥብታት ብምልዓል ግብረ መልሲ ዝኸውን ክንጽሕፍ ተገዲድና ኣሎና ።

ክንፈልጦ ዝግባእ ድሕረ ባይታ፡

  1. “ቃለ-ኣዋዲ” ናይ ኤርትራ ኦርቶዶክስ ተዋህዶ ቤተክርስቲያናት ዝምረሓሉ ድሕሪ ኤርትራ ነጻ ምውጸኣ ብ 1995 ዝጸደቐ ሕጊ እዩ። እዚ ሕጊ ዓሰርተው ሓደ (11) ምዕራፋት ዘለዎ ኣብ ውሽጡ ሚእትን ዕስራን ሽዱሽተን ዓንቀጻት (126) ዝሓዘ እዩ። እቲ ሕግታት ዝኾነ ሰብ ብድልየት እንተኣንቢብዎ ብቐሊሉ ክርድኦ ይኽእል እዩ። ብናትና ርኢቶ እቲ መንፍሳዊ ትሕዝቶ ዘለዎ ዓንቀጻት ገዲፍኻ፣ ብዛዕባ ክልል ቤተ ክርስቲያናት ምምሕዳር ዝምልከት (ዓንቀጽ 65-73) ነተን ኣብ ወጻኢ ኣብ ስደት ዝተመስረታ ቤተክርስቲያናት ከትውዕሎ ብጣዕሚ ኣሸጋሪ እዩ ምኽንያቱ ምስቲ ናይ መንግስቲ ኣሜሪካ ከምእውን ኣብ ንፍሲ ወከፍ እስቴታ ንቤተክርስቲይናት ተበሂሉ ዝወጸ ሕግታት  ገለ ክፋሉ ብፍጹም ክሰማምዕ ስለዘይከኣል።
  2. “ ብጹእ ኣቡነ ሲኖዳ” እዞም ኣቦ ኣብ 2005-2006 ዘሎ ግዜታት ምስቲ ኣብቲ አዋን ብበዓል ቀሺ ገብረሚካኤል ዝምራሕ ዝነብረ ንኡስ ሃገረ ስብከት ምስ ቅዱስ  ሲነዶስ ዝተፈጠረ ቅልውላው ሰንኪ ካብ ኣውሮጳ ብቕያር እዮም መራሒ ጳጳስ ሃገረ ስብከት ሕ/መ/ኣ ን ካናዳን ኮይኖም ተመዲቦም። ይኹን’በር እዞም ኣቦ ከምቲ ኣብ ኣውሮጳ ብሰንኪ ምምሕዳራዊ ክእለቶም ዝተለዓለ ንምእመና ዝጎዛዘይዎ፣ ኣብ ኣሜሪካ ምስ ኣትውም ከይ ወዓሉ ከይሓደሩ ምስ ኣብ ቅድስቲ ስላሴ ዲሲ (ኣብቲ እዋን መንበሪ ገዛ ዝሃቦም) ዘለው ምእመናናን ሰበኻ ጉባኤን ዘይምርድዳኤ ስለዝተፈጥረ፣ እቲ ምምሕዳር  ቤተ ክርስቲያን ከምዘልግሱ ገይርዎም እዩ። ድሕሪ እዚ ኩነታት እዞም ኣቦ ንዝሓልፈ 8 ዓመታት ብዝንቡእ ኣማሃድሮም ዘበገሶ ዉሱናት ቤተክርስቲያናት ኣብ ሕንፍሽ ፍሽን መፍንጫልን በጺሔን ዘለዋ።  ንኣብነት ንምጥቃስ-ኣብ ሂስቶን ቴክሳስ፡ ኣብ ሚኒሶታ፡ ሓንቲ ቤተክርስቲያን ኣብ ካናዳ፡ ኣሪዞና ከምእውን ሓንቲ ቤተክርስቲያን ኣብ ሲያትል ዋሽንግቶን እየን። ኣቦና ሲኖዳ እዚ ሒዘሞ ዘለዉ ኣካይዳ እንተቐጺሎሞ ብዙሓት ቤተ ክርስቲያናት ኣብ ጸገም ከምዝሽመማ ብዙሕ ዘጠራጥር ኣይኮነን።
  3. ኣብዚ እዋን ብጹእ ኣቡነ ሲኖዳ  ሕጊ ቃለ-ኣዋዲ ጥሂሶም ዘለዉ ኣቦ እዮም
  4. ሕጊ ቃለ-ኣዋዲ ብምጥሓስ ንስሩዕ ኣኼብ ቅዱስ ሲነዶስ ናብ ኣስመራ ምጺኹም ተሳተፉ ዝብለ ተደጋግሚ ካብ ቤት ጽሕፈት መንበረ ፓትርያርክ ብደብዳቤታት ዝተዋህቦም ትእዝዛት ክስብ ሎሚ ብምንጻግ ኣይከዱን። ብጹእ ኣቦና ዓንቀጽ 31 ናይ ቃለ-ኣዋዲ ኮነ ኢሎም ጥሒሶም ኣለዉ።
  5. እዞም ኣቦ ኮነ ኢሎም ስልጣኖም ብምጥቃመን ከምእውን ምፍርራሕ ብዝታሓወሶ ንኡስ ሃገረ ሰብከታት ኣብ ትሕቲ እዞም ኣቦ ዝመርሕዎ ሃገረ ስብከት ሕ/መ/ኣሜሪካን ካናዳ ሕጊ ቃለ-ኣዋዲ ማለት ኣብ ክፍሊ ዓርባዕተ ዓንቐጽ 59 ክስብ ዓንቐጽ 61 ዘሎ ሕግታት ብምጥሓስ ከምዘይምስረታ ገይሮም ኣለዉ። እዚ ኮነ ኢሎም ንዝሓለፈ 8 ዓምታት ሕግታት መጥሓሲኦም ቀንዲ ምኽንያት ምእንታን ኣብ ንፍሲ ወክፍ ቤተ ክርስቲያን ብቐጥታ ምቑጽጻር ክጥዕሞምን ስልጣኖም ንምብሓት ከምእውን  ዝኾነ ኣካል ዝሓተኒ የብለይን ኢሎም ብንዕቀት ከምዝገበርዎ ዘለዉ ኢና ንኣምን። ብተወሳኺ እዞም ኣቦ ቃለ-ኣዋዲ ዓንቐጽ 27 ዝእዝዞ  ኣዕማድ ምምሕዳር ናይ ኤርትራ ኦርቶዶክስ ተዋህዶ ቤተክርስቲያን ኮነ ኢሎም ከምዝጠሓሱ ዝምስክር እዩ።
  6. እዞም ኣቦ ሕጊ ቃለ-ኣዋዲ ብምጥሓስ ንዝሓለፈ 8 ዓመታት ሙሉእ ብዛዕባ ኣብቲ ንሶም ዝመርሕዎ ሃገረ ስብከት ሕ/መ/ኣሜሪካን ካናዳን ተጠርኒፈን ዘለዋ ቤተክርስቲቲያናት ዓመታዊ ጸብጻብ ሰዲዶም ኣፈልጡን። በዚ ምኽንያት ቅዱስ ሲነዶስ ብዓንቀጽ 54 ክፍሊ 4 መስረት ኣብ ኣቦና ዝመርሕወን ዘለዋ ኣብ ኣሜሪካን ካናዳን ዝርከባ ቤተክርስቲያናት ዝለዓል ጽገማት ኣብ ግዚኡ ቅዱስ ሲነዶስ ፍታሕ ከይህብ ዓቢ ጽገም ኮይኖሞ ኣለዉ። ብዛዕባ ኩነታት  ኣብ ኣሜሪካ ዘለዋ ቤተ ክርስቲያናት ቅዱስ ሲኖዶስ ዝፈልጦ ሓበሬታ ዋላ ሓንቲ የብሉን።
  7. እዞም ኣቦ ብዕለት ብዕለት 9/15/2014 ብፋይል ቁጽሪ ቅ/ሲ/1/397/71/07 ካብ ቅዱስ ስነዶስ ዝተሰደ ድብዳቤ ትሕዝቶ ማለት “ …. በዚ መሰረት ቅዱስ ሲነዶስ ኣብ ቀረባ ልኡኻቱ ሰዲዱ ነቲ ኣብ መንጎኹምን ኣብ መንጎ ክፋላት ኣባላት ቦርድ ስብከትኩም  ዘሎ ዘይምርድዳእ ምሳኹም ምዝርራብ ክሳብ ዝገብር፣ እቲ ዝነብረ ኣሰራርሓ ከምዘለዎ ክጸንሕ ዝኾነ ይኹን ለውጢ ከይግበር ቅዱስ ሲነዶስ የፍልጥ” ዝብል ትእዛዝ ብምጥሓስ ኣቦና ምስ ገለ ስሱዓት ካህናት ኮይኖም ይሰድዎ ዘለዉ ትእዛዛትን ከምእውን ገንዘብ ተሓዛይን ተቕጻጻሪ ናይ ሃገረ ስብከት ሕ/መ/ኣሜሪካን ካንዳን ዘይይፈልጥዎ ናይ ባንክ ሂሳብ ምስ ካላኣየም ካህን ምኽፋቶም ሕጊ ሃገረ ስብከት ምጥሓስ እዩ።  ብተወሳኺ ንሃገረ ሰብከት ዓመታዊ ክፍሊት ኣብቲ ሓድሽ ባንክ ዝተኸፈተ ዘይከፈለት ቤተ ክርስቲያን ስጉመንት ከምዝወሰድ ማለት (1) ካብ ኣባልነት ሃገረ ስብከት ምስጓግ (2) ኣብ በዓል ንግደት ጳጳስ፡ካህናት፡ መዘምራን መንፈሳዊ ኣገልግሎት ከምዘይውሃቦም ኣብቲ ደብዳቤ ተገለጹ ኣሎ። ብወገና ከምዚ ዓይነት ንገዛ እግዚኣብሄር ዝኾና ቤተ ክርስቲያናት ምፍርራሕ መጽሓፍ ቅዱስ ዘይፍቅዶ ዘይ ሃዋርያዊ ተግበር እዩ። እዚ  ብሽም ኣቦና ሲኖዳን ምስ ካላኣዮም ካህን ከፊተሞ ዘሎዉ ናይ ባንክ ሂሳብ ኣብ መውዳእትኡ ምስ ኣይ.ኣር.ኤስ (IRS) ኣብ ዘይሓስብዎ ጸገም ከየውድቖም ከም ደቆም ንመኽሮም ኣሎና።

በዚ ኣብ ላዕሊ ተዘርዚሩ ዘሎ መርትዖ ኣቦና ብጹእ ሲኖዳ ብቃለ-ኣዋዲ ዘይምርሑ ምዃኖም ብሩህ እዩ። ዝኾነ ሰብ ከኣ ልዕሊ ሕጊ ክኸውን ኣይክእልን እዩ። ብዝኾነ ናብታ ደብዳቤ ንመለስ። ኣብታ ደብዳቤ “ ኣብ ዘመና ኣብ ከንዲ ከምቲ ዝጸንሖ ምሕላውን ምዕቃብን (ሕጊ ቃለ-ኣዋዲ ማለቶም እዩ) ብፍላይ ኣብዚ ዘለናዮ ሃገር ኣብ ሕቡራት መንግስታት ኣሜሪካን ካናዳን ናይ ቤተክርስቲያን  ሕግን ስርዓትን ብጉልባብ ውሽጣዊ ዓንዲ ሕጊ ዝበሃል ይሰዓርን ብዙሕ ሃሰያ የስዕብን ከምዘሎ ከነስተውዕል ይግባእ “ዝብል ሰፊሩ ኣሎ። ብውገና ውሽጣዊ ዓንዲ ሕጊ ናይ ቤተክርስቲያናት ዘይኮነ እቲ ጽገም፣ ኣቦና ኣቡነ ሲኖዳ ባዕሎም መንፈሳዊ ሕግታት ቃለ-ኣዋዲ እንዳ ጠሓሱ ከም’ውን ቃለ-ኣዋዲ ብቐጥታ ምስቲ ንነብረሎ ዘሎ ዓዲ ሕግታት ኣብ ሕቡራት መንግስታት ኣሜሪካ ዝራጸም ምዃኑ እንዳተፈልጠ ከሎ ብጣዕሚ ጉጉይ ዝኾነ ኣመራርሓ ንካህናት ኣንዳሃቡ ቤተክርስቲያናት ኣብ ዘይተደለየ ሁከት የእትውወን ስልዘለዉ እዩ። እቲ በዓል ኣቦና ሲኖዳ ምስ ውልቃዊ ረብሔኦም ጥራይ ዘገድሶም ካህናት ኮይኖም ኣብ ዘላናዮ ዓዲ ፍጹም ክስረሓሉ ዘይክእል ዓንቐጻት ቃለ-ኣዋዲ ንምትግባር ምፍታን ዕንወት ንቤተክርስቲያናት ከምጽእ እንተደይኮይኑ ዘምጽኦ ኣድማዒ ነገር የሎን። ከምንፈልጦ ኣብ ኣብ ሕቡራት መንግስታት ኣሜሪካ ኣዕማደ ሕጋዊ መምርሒ ቤተክርስቲያናት ካብ ላዕሊ ንታሕቲ ከምዚ ዝስዕብ እዩ፡ (1) ፌደራልዊ ሕግታት (Federal Laws  (2) ናይ እስቴት ሕግታት ብፍላይ ንቤተክርስቲያናት ዝወጸ ሕግታት (State’s Corporation Codes) (3) ቤተ ክርስቲያን ሕጋዊ ትካል ንምግባር ዝጸሓፍ ሕጋዊ ዓንቀጻት(Articles of incorporation) (4) ውሽጣዊ ዓንዲ ሕጊ ቤተ ክርስቲያናት(Church’s By Laws)።  እቲ ናትና ዓቢ ሕቶ ዘሎ እዛ በዓል ኣቦና ሲኖዳ ምስ ውሑዳት ካህናት ኮይኖም ዓንቐጻት ቃለ-ኣዋዲ ምስቲ ኣብ ቁጽሪ (1), (2) ከምእውን (3) ዘሎ ኣዕማደ ሕግታት ናይ ንነብረሉ ዓዲ  ክሳብ ዘይተጻረረ ኣብ ስራሕ ከውዕልዎ ጸገም የብሉን። ይኹን እምበር ሕግታት ንነብረሉ ዓዲ ጥሒሳካ ቅቡል ዘይኮነ ዓንቀጻት ቃለ-ኣዋዲ ብትእዛዝ ኣቦና ሲኖዳ ኣብ ስራሕ ክውዕለ እንተጀሚሩ ግና ናቱ ዝኸኣለ ሕጋዊ ማህሰይቲ ኣብ ልዕሊ ጳጳስ፡ ካህናት ከምእውን ምእመናን ኣባላት ሰበኻ ጉባኤታት ብርግጽ ከስዕብ ይኽእል እዩ።

እቲ ካልእ ብቃለ-ኣዋዲ ጉልባብ ብምግባር ብዙሓት ካህናት ንውልቃዊ ጥቕሙም ክብሉ ዝደፍኡላ ዘላ ኣጀንዳ ኣብታ ደብዳቤ  ከምዚ “ ብካህን ዘይምራሕ ሰበኻ ጉባኤ ክበሃል ኣይካኣልን  ብናይ  ኤርትራ ኦርቶዶክስ ተዋህዶ ሃገረ ስብከት  ሕ/መ/ኣ/ካናዳን ከምዘይንቕበሎ ንሕብር” ዝብል ሰፊሩ ኣሎ። ብሕጊ ቃለ ኣዋዲ ዓንቐጽ 66 መሰረት እቲ ካህን ዝምርሖ ሰበኻ ጉባኤ ብዝሕን ዓይነትን ከምዚ ዝስዕብ “ ናይ ሰበኻ ጉባኤ ምምሕዳር ጉባኤ ኣባላት ብዝሒ ምስ ኣማሓዳሪ ካብ ሓሙሽተ ዘይውሕዱ ካብ ሸውዓተ ዘይበዝሑ ይኾኑ፣ እዚኦም ድማ ካብ ውልደ ክህነት ሰለስተ (3)፣ካብ ምእመናን (ስጉኡን ደሙን ዝተቐበሉ) ክልተ (2)፣ ካብ ቤት ምህርቲ ሰንበት ሓደ (1)፣ እቲ ሻብዓይ ናይቲ ቤተክርስቲያን ኣማሓዳሪ (ካህን) ኣቦ መንበር ይኸውን” ዝብል ብግልጺ ሰፊሩ ኣሎ። ከምዚ ዓይነት ሰበኻ ጉባኤ ኣብ ኤርትራ ጥራይ እዩ ም ክምስረት ዝኽእል፣ ኣብ ዘለናዮ ዓዲ ዕድለኛታት ቤተ ክርስቲያናት አንተኾይኖም ጥራይ እዩ ክእለት ዘለዎም ዝቖረቡ ምእመናን ናብ ሰበኻ ጉባኤ ክሕረዩ ዝኽእሉ። እቲ ዝገርም እዞም ካህናት ዓንቕጽ 66 ዝጠሓሰ ሰበኻ ጉባኤታት ዘለወን ቤተ ክርስቲያናት ሕዱራት ኮይኖም እንዳገልገሉ ከለዉ ንምንታይ ኣቦ መንበራት ክኾኑ ይድልዩ ከምዘለዉ ክርድኣና ኣይከኣለን።   ካህናት ኣብ ኣሜሪካ ዘለዉ ከም ኣቦና ሲኖዳ ሕጊ ሲኖዶስን (ዓንቀጽ 66) ከምእውን ሕግታት ናይ እስቴታት እንዳ ጠሓሱ ንመንታይ ንቤተ ክርስቲያናት ኣብ ዘይተደለየ ሕጋዊ ጸገማት ከእትዉወን ንፍትኑ ኣለዉ። እንታይ ጥቕሚ ክረኽቡ ይሓስቡ ከምዘለዉ’ውን ንዓናውን ክርደኣና ኣይከኣለን። ካብ ኣቦ መንበር ምዃን እንታይ ጥቕሚ ይርከብ ብጀካ ድኻም። እቶም ከም ኣቦ መናብርቲ ክኾኑ ዝዋጣወጡ ዘለው ካይናት ንዝተፈላልየ ሕግታት ኣሜሪካ ተረዲኦም ብኽእለት ቤተ ክርስቲያናት ክመርሑ ዘኽእሎም ፍልጠትን ናይ ቛንቛ ክእለትን ኣለዎም ዝብል ሕቶ’ውን ክለዓል ይከኣል እዩ? ናህና መልሲ 90% ዝኾኑ ካህናት የብለሙን። ናይ ኣቦና ሲኖዳ ሓሳብ ግና ካብ ቤት ትምህርት ሰንበትን ክፍሊ መዘምራን ኣባላት ከም ኣተርጎምትን ጸሓፍትን እንተ መዲበሎም ስርሖም ከካይዱ ይኽእሉ ዝብል እምንቶ ከምዘለዎም እዩ ናትና መረዳእታ።

ብተወሳኺ ኣብታ ደብዳቤ ከምዚ “ ሰበኻ ጉባኤ ግን ንካሕን ይኹን ንምእመናን ከሰናብቱ ስልጣን የብለሙን” ዝብል ምስ ኣንበብና ብጣዕሚ ኢና ተገርሚና። ብዛዕባ ኣብ ካናዳ ዘለዋ ቤተክርስቲያናት ኣቛውማ ከመይ ከምዝኾነ ኣይንፈልጥን ኣንተ ኣብ ኣሜሪካ ዘለዋ ቤተክርስቲያናት ግና ከም “ ተረፍ-ኣልቦ ብ501 (3) C ሃማኖታዊ ትካላት” ኮይነን ኢየን ዝቖማ ከምእውን ኣብቲ ዘለዎኦ ስቴት ዝቕይደን ሕግታት ተማእዚዘን ይኸዳ። እቶም ኣብ ነፍሲ-ወከፍ ቤተ ክርስቲያን ዘለዉ ምእመናን እቲ ካህን ፈላላያይ እንተኾይኑ፣ ብሃይማኖተን ኣውራጃን ክመቓቕሎም እንተፈቲኑ፣ ገንዘብ ከጠፋፍእ እንተረኺቦሞ ወዘተ ነቲ ካህን ክሰናብትዎ ሙሉእ ስልጣን ኣለዎም። እቲ ጌጋታት ናይ ካህን መንፈሳዊ እንተኾይኑ ግና ብሰንሰለታዊ መገዲ ንኣቦና ኣቡነ ሲኖዳ ይሕበር ከምቲ ዝግበኦ መቕጻት ከኣ ይቕበል። ንኣብነት ሕጊ ስልዝፈቕደሎም እዮም ኣብ ኣሪዞናን ስያትልን ዘለዉ ምእመናን ካህናቶም ዝሰጎጉ ዝኸኣሉ። ምእመናን ቤተ ክርስቲያን ብስምምዕ  ንሓደ ካህን አንተደልዮም ይቖጽሩ አንተደሊዮም ክሰጉ ሙሉእ ስልጣን ኣለዎም ምኽንያቱ ደመወዝ ካህን ብምእመናን ስለዝኽፈል ከምእውን ሕጊ ንነብረሉ ሕጊ ስለዘፈቕደሎም። ኣብ ኤርትራ ዘለዎ ካህናት ደመወዞም ብቤት ጽሕፈት ፓትሪያርክ ስልዝኽፈሉ፡ ሰበኻ ጉባኤ ንሓደ ካህን ክሰጉግ ከጸግሞ ይኽእል እዩ።

እዚ ቃለ-ኣዋዲ ከምእንኮ መምርሒ ሕጊ ንኣብ ኣሜሪካን ካናዳን ዝርከባ ቤተ ክርስቲያናት ተበሂሉ ኣብ ስራሕ እንተውዒሉ ቀንዲ ተጠቃማይ ዝኸውን ህግደፍ ክኸውን ከሎ ብካላኣይ ደረጃ ዝስርዑ ኣንቶም ቀንዲ መሳርሒ ህግደፍ ከይኖም ዝንቀሳቐሱ ዘለዉ ማለት ከም በዓል ኣቦና ሲኖዳን፡ ደገፍቲ ህግደፍን ሃሱሳቶምን፡ ከም’ውን ንቤተ ክርስቲያናት ኣብ ሁከት ዘእትዉ ዘለዉ ስሱዓት ካህናት እዮም። ብናትና እምነት እቲ ቀዲ ምኽንያት “ቃል-ኣዋዲ” እዩ ሕግና እንዳበሎ ንቤተ ክርስቲያናት ብምፍርራህን ጸቕጢ ብምግባር ብኣቦና ሲኖዳን ውሑዳት ካህናት ዝገብሩለን ዘለዉ እዘን ዝስዕባ እከይ መደብ ኣብ ስራሕ ንምውዓል ዝሓንጸጽዎ መደብ እዩ ባሃልቲ ኢና፣

  1. ቃለ-ኣዋዲ ሕጊ ዓንቀጽ 72 ክፍሊ 6 ከምዚ፡

“በዚ ሕጊ እዚ ብዝተዘርዘረ መሰረት ናይ ሰበኻ ምእመናን ዚኸፍልዎ ክፍሊትን ሓፈሻዊ ኣታውን ናብ ናይ ኤርትራ ኣርቶዶክስ ተዋህዶ ቤተ ክርስቲያን ባንኪ ሕሳብ ኣታዊ ይገብር” ዝብል ብግልጺ ሰፊሩ ኣሎ። ብሓጺሩ በዛ ዓንቀጽ መሰረት ኣብ ነፍስ ወከፍ ቤተክርስቲያን ዘሎ ገንዘብ ብመጅመሪያ ብሕ/መ/ኣሜሪካን ካናዳን ሃገረ ስብከት ጳጳስ ገይሩ ናብ ኣብ ኣስመራ ዘሎ ቤት ጽሕፈት ፓትርያርክ ድሕሪ ምእታው እታ ቤተክርስቲያን ብዓንቐጽ 73 ክፍሊ2/ሠ መሰረት ባጀታ ምስ ኣቕረበት እቲ ገንዘብ እንደገና ካብ ኣስመራ ይስላዓላ። እዛ ዓንቀጽ ኣብ ስራሕ እንተውዒላ ገንዝብ ቤተ ክርስቲያናት ብሓጺሩ ናብ ካዝና/ቀፎ ህግደፍ ይእትዉዎ ማለት እዩ።

  1. እዚ ኣብ ላዕሊ ዘሎ ዓንቀጽ ኣብ ስራሕ ክውዕል አንተኾይኑ፣ ካህን ቤተክርስቲያን ከም ኣቦ መንበር ክመርሕ ኣለዎ። በዚ ምኽንያት እዩ በዓል ኣቦና ሲኖዳ “ካህን ከም ኣቦ መንበር ዘይብላ ቤተ ክርስቲያን ከም ቤተ ክርስቲያን ኣይትቑጸርን እያ ዝብል ኣብቲ ዝተሰደደ ደብዳቤ ሰፊሩ ዘሎ። ብኻልእ ኣዘራርባ ገንዘብ ቤተክርስቲያን ናብ ሃገረ ሰብከት ክስደድ እንተኾይኑ ካህን ከም ኣቦ መንበር ኮይኑ ክጸንሕ ኣለዎ ምኽንያቱ ኣብ ቼካት ምስ ሒሳብ ተቆጻጻሪ (ብፍላይ ናይ ህግደፍ ደጋፊ እንተኾይኑ) ኮይኑ ክፍረም ስለዝኽእል ገንዘብ ንምንቅስቓስ ቀሊል ስለ ዝኸውን።

ኣብ መወዳእታ ክንብሎ ንደሊ እንተሎ ኣቦና ኣቡነ ሲኖዳ(ቀንዲ ደጋፊ ህግደፍ)፡ደገፍቲ ህግደፍ ካህናት፡ ኣብ ፈቆዶ ቤተ ክርስቲያናት ህግደፍ ስሪዑዎም ዘለው ቃርማታት ምእመናን  ብሽም “ቃለ-ኣዋዲ” እንተ ኮይኑሎም ገንዘብ ቤተ ክርስቲያን ንምዝማት አንተ ፈሺልዎም ከኣ ኣብ መንጎ ምእመናን ሕንፍሽፍስ የእቲካ ቤተ ክርስቲያናት ከም ዝመቓቐላ ንምግባር ኮነ ኢላካ ዝተሓንጸጸ እከይ ሜላ ስለዝኾነ ኩሉ ምእመናን ክፈልጦ ዝግቦኦ ጉዳይ እዩ። ነዚ ርኹስ ሜላ ኣብ ዘዘለናዮ ቤተክርስቲያናት ኮይና ንኽንቃለሶ ግቡእና ከምዝኾነ እግረ መንገድና ክንሕብር ንፈቱ።

ቤተ ክርስትያናት ከይበታተና ዝስግኡ ኣመንታ ኦርቶዶክስ

ደቅዳሕ ደብዳበ ናይ ኤርትራ ኦርቶዶክስ ተዋህዶ ቤተክርስትያን ሃገረ ስብከት ሕ/መ/ኣመሪካን ካናዳን

TUESDAY 14 APRIL 2015 European Union , World Lampedusa: why are so many migrants dying at sea?

The UNHCR says that at least 500 migrants have died in the Mediterranean so far in 2015 – 30 times higher than in the same period last year. Channel 4 News asks if European policy is to blame.

On Tuesday, 846 migrants were rescued at sea in Sicily – including 120 women and 40 children. A dead body was also recovered off the coast of Libya, bringing the number of casualties up to eight since the weekend.

The new arrivals bring the total number of migrants rescued in the Mediterranean to more than 15,000 since the start of the year, according to the International Organisation for Migration (IOM).

Why are migrants heading for Europe?

Over the past couple of years, Europe has seen increasing waves of migration as Syrians and sub-Saharan Africans cross the Mediterranean. From unrest in Libya, civil war in Syria and the rise of Islamic State militants in Iraq, thousands of refugees have been forced to leave their homes in search of better lives.

The UNHCR says that at least 50 per cent of migrants arriving in Europe are people in search of asylum. As well as civil conflict, migrants from Eritrea, Somalia and Ethiopia are heading to Europe to escape poverty.

How many migrants are we talking about?

In 2014, almost 219,000 people crossed the Mediterranean, three times higher than the previous peak of 2011 when the Arab Spring was in full swing. In Italy, more than 170,000 people arrived by sea, mainly from Eritrea and Syria.

There are two other major sea routes, leading to Spain and its Ceuta and Melilla enclaves, and to Greece, mostly from Turkey. Over 3,500 people died or went missing in the Mediterranean in 2014, making it the deadliest year of all. So far, in the first three months of 2015, around 480 people have lost their lives or gone missing.