Category: United Eritrea Media

Israel will deport Eritrean, Sudanese refugees to Africa under new policy Authorities believe there is no legal barrier to forcing Eritrean and Sudanese citizens to leave Israel for a third country that is not their native country – even if this is done against their will. By Ilan Lior | Mar. 31, 2015 | 9:38 AM

African asylum seekers at the Holot detention facility protest their comrades' expulsion from Israel

Israel will begin to deport Eritrean and Sudanese citizens to countries in Africa – even without their consent – under a new policy in the works at the initiative of the Israel Population and Immigration Authority.

Until now the state would impose considerable pressure on Eritrean and Sudanese asylum seekers to leave on their own accord, either to their native countries or to other African countries, but refrained from deporting them. Those who have left Israel have done so only after signing a document declaring that their departure is voluntary. This is because Israel grants group protection to asylum seekers from Sudan and Eritrea, as it is bound to by the Refugee Convention the state has signed. Group protection means that Israel cannot deport people whose lives would be in danger in their own country.

However, in the last few months the Population and Immigration Authority – a branch of the Interior Ministry – along with Justice Ministry representatives have been discussing a policy change. The authority believes that there is no legal barrier to forcing Eritrean and Sudanese citizens to leave Israel for a third country that is not their native country – even if this is done against their will. The Justice Ministry is expected to permit their deportation to neutral states. In the initial stage, the target countries are Rwanda and Uganda. The policy change will most likely not take place until it has the approval of the new interior minister, a post likely to go to Shas leader Arye Dery.

Two months ago, a representative of the state hinted at such a policy change during a High Court of Justice discussion of the issue. If an asylum seeker in Israel was offered the option of moving to Canada, the person would not have the right to refuse, argued attorney Yochi Gnessin, who heads the State Prosecutor’s Office department that deals with illegal immigrants. “A person who is offered a move to a state that does not constitute a danger to their life or their freedom does not have the right of veto,” she said.

There are currently about 42,000 citizens of Eritrea and Sudan in Israel, of which some 2,000 are being held in the Holot detention facility in the Negev. According to data the state provided the High Court, 5,803 citizens of Sudan and Eritrea left Israel last year, 1,093 of them to third countries. Until now, Israel has not revealed the names of the third countries or the nature of the agreements, if any, reached with them, but it is known that asylum seekers have been sent to Rwanda and Uganda.

A Haaretz investigation published last April revealed that those asylum seekers who left Israel for Rwanda and Uganda had no basic rights and no legal status in those countries. This made survival virtually impossible, prompting them to leave Rwanda and Uganda and resume being refugees once again, according to reports by human rights groups.

According to the United Nations refugee convention, asylum seekers cannot be sent to any country unless there is an agreement with that country that ensures safeguarding their rights and welfare, notes Oded Feller, an immigration lawyer with the Association of Civil Rights in Israel.

“The government of Israel has refused to expose any agreements with the governments of Uganda and Rwanda, and it is doubtful if any such agreements exist in writing. Those countries deny there are agreements at all,” added Feller.

The Population and Immigration Authority declined to provide a response.

Eritrean armies clashed on multiple points Ethiopian, Eritrean armies clashed on multiple points Posted on Tuesday, March 31, 2015 @ 7:18 pm by Daniel Berhane

Tension remains high on Ethiopian and Eritrea border after a series of clashes in mid-March.

The situation deteriorated on the second weekend of the month (March 14 or 15) following a surprise attack by Eritrean military around Badme area.

Several personnel of an Ethiopian National Defense Forces (ENDF) unit were killed by the ambush, as HornAffairs was able to confirm from firsthand sources.

The sources insisted the incident was not an accidental one and appeared uninterested in taking prisoners of wars. The sources did not postulate what prompted the Eritrean attack. Nor was it clear if the Ethiopians were in their own territory at the time. It is to be recalled, however, an Ethiopia-backed Eritrean opposition group had claimed to have attacked a government facility near Asmara on March 11.Map - Ethiopia, Eritrea military clash

ENDF retaliated a few days later (March 18?) crossing several kilometers into Eritrean soil. The specific area through which ENDF crossed the border was described by our sources as “in the Badme area to the east of Tekeze river, but to the west of the Eritrean ambush”. 

There are no details on the magnitude ENDF’s attack. Yet, HornAfairs ascertained that the troops remained inside Eritrea at least until last Friday.

The March 20 attacks on the Mai Edaga garage and on a gold mining site further deep inside Eritrean territory took place following these two unreported incidents.

The Eritrean military principal garage near Mai Edaga is about 63 km from Ethiopian border and about 42 Kilometers away from Asmara by air distance. The second target, Bisha gold mine site, is some 75 km away from the closest Ethiopian border and some 95km afar from Asmara by air distance. A Canadian company, Nevsun, and the government of Eritrea jointly own the mining project.

The attack on the two locations is very likely to have been conducted by missile, though a couple of Ethiopian and Eritrean media outlets reported it as an air strike.

The report of missiles around Soloda Mt on March 20 (which I then tweeted as Eritrean) must have been Ethiopian missiles rather than the vice versa. While many residents of Adwa town witnessed the vibration effect of the missiles, military people deemed it unlikely that Eritrea would pick the area as a target. On the other hand, an account of an old man, who lives to the north of Soloda Mt, as having seen a missile (flying quietly with vibrations felt on the ground), was deemed acceptable by ENDF officers with long careers. However, we were not able to corroborate the old man’s account from a second source, nor did we find adequate information on the missile capabilities of ENDF.

The extent of the damage on the two targets remains unknown, as Asmara remained silent regarding both the garage and the mining site. Nevsun, on the other hand, acknowledged an attack on the mining site, describing it as “an act of vandalism [with] no significant impact to operations and no personnel were harmed.”

The confusion regarding the nature of the assault and the its magnitude appears to be the same among Asmara resident sources. A foreigner journalist toldHornAffairs last Wednesday that his sources in Asmara confirmed an air strike. Whereas, a United Nations staffer claimed, citing her colleagues in Asmara, that it was “just a big cylinder explosion”.

Ethiopian officials were unwilling to provide adequate information on the matter, though the attack is certain. Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn told journalists last Friday that his government will comment when a formal allegation of air strike is made. Another senior Minister gave a similar reply to HornAffairs last week on Monday, though we did not deem it newsworthy at the time. Yet, it indicates the line was adopted immediately after the incident.

It appears the “air strike” hypothesis was born out of the perception that Ethiopia doesn’t own such artilleries rather than a deliberate making of ENDF officials. Yet, the military bras might have found the narrative convenient, as it would improve the public image of the Air Force and to avoid potential questions on the capabilities of the nation. Western nations routinely turned down ENDF’s request for advanced weaponry purchases claiming the need to preserve regional power balance and the risk of diversion to a third country.

Tension remains high on Ethiopian and Eritrea border after a series of clashes in mid-March.

The situation deteriorated on the second weekend of the month (March 14 or 15) following a surprise attack by Eritrean military around Badme area.

Several personnel of an Ethiopian National Defense Forces (ENDF) unit were killed by the ambush, as HornAffairs was able to confirm from firsthand sources.

The sources insisted the incident was not an accidental one and appeared uninterested in taking prisoners of wars. The sources did not postulate what prompted the Eritrean attack. Nor was it clear if the Ethiopians were in their own territory at the time. It is to be recalled, however, an Ethiopia-backed Eritrean opposition group had claimed to have attacked a government facility near Asmara on March 11.Map - Ethiopia, Eritrea military clash

ENDF retaliated a few days later (March 18?) crossing several kilometers into Eritrean soil. The specific area through which ENDF crossed the border was described by our sources as “in the Badme area to the east of Tekeze river, but to the west of the Eritrean ambush”. 

There are no details on the magnitude ENDF’s attack. Yet, HornAfairs ascertained that the troops remained inside Eritrea at least until last Friday.

The March 20 attacks on the Mai Edaga garage and on a gold mining site further deep inside Eritrean territory took place following these two unreported incidents.

The Eritrean military principal garage near Mai Edaga is about 63 km from Ethiopian border and about 42 Kilometers away from Asmara by air distance. The second target, Bisha gold mine site, is some 75 km away from the closest Ethiopian border and some 95km afar from Asmara by air distance. A Canadian company, Nevsun, and the government of Eritrea jointly own the mining project.

The attack on the two locations is very likely to have been conducted by missile, though a couple of Ethiopian and Eritrean media outlets reported it as an air strike.

The report of missiles around Soloda Mt on March 20 (which I then tweeted as Eritrean) must have been Ethiopian missiles rather than the vice versa. While many residents of Adwa town witnessed the vibration effect of the missiles, military people deemed it unlikely that Eritrea would pick the area as a target. On the other hand, an account of an old man, who lives to the north of Soloda Mt, as having seen a missile (flying quietly with vibrations felt on the ground), was deemed acceptable by ENDF officers with long careers. However, we were not able to corroborate the old man’s account from a second source, nor did we find adequate information on the missile capabilities of ENDF.

The extent of the damage on the two targets remains unknown, as Asmara remained silent regarding both the garage and the mining site. Nevsun, on the other hand, acknowledged an attack on the mining site, describing it as “an act of vandalism [with] no significant impact to operations and no personnel were harmed.”

The confusion regarding the nature of the assault and the its magnitude appears to be the same among Asmara resident sources. A foreigner journalist toldHornAffairs last Wednesday that his sources in Asmara confirmed an air strike. Whereas, a United Nations staffer claimed, citing her colleagues in Asmara, that it was “just a big cylinder explosion”.

Ethiopian officials were unwilling to provide adequate information on the matter, though the attack is certain. Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn told journalists last Friday that his government will comment when a formal allegation of air strike is made. Another senior Minister gave a similar reply to HornAffairs last week on Monday, though we did not deem it newsworthy at the time. Yet, it indicates the line was adopted immediately after the incident.

It appears the “air strike” hypothesis was born out of the perception that Ethiopia doesn’t own such artilleries rather than a deliberate making of ENDF officials. Yet, the military bras might have found the narrative convenient, as it would improve the public image of the Air Force and to avoid potential questions on the capabilities of the nation. Western nations routinely turned down ENDF’s request for advanced weaponry purchases claiming the need to preserve regional power balance and the risk of diversion to a third country.

Nigeria election: Muhammadu Buhari wins

Residents celebrate the anticipated victory of Presidential candidate Muhammadu Buhari in Kaduna, Nigeria 31 March 2015
Supporters of Gen Buhari celebrated as the results came in

Muhammadu Buhari has won Nigeria’s presidential polls, in the country’s first election victory by the opposition.

His party said his opponent, the incumbent President Goodluck Jonathan, conceded defeat and congratulated him.

Gen Buhari was ahead of Mr Jonathan by at least two million votes.

Observers have generally praised the election but there have been allegations of fraud, which some fear could lead to protests and violence.

However, a spokesman for Gen Buhari’s All Progressives Congress (APC) party praised Mr Jonathan, saying: “He will remain a hero for this move. The tension will go down dramatically.”

“Anyone who tries to foment trouble on the account that they have lost the election will be doing so purely on his own,” the spokesman added in quotes carried by Reuters.

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Analysis: Will Ross, BBC Nigeria correspondent, Abuja

Finally the long wait is over. The opposition’s Gen Buhari has won this pivotal contest.

This is a hugely significant moment in Nigeria’s history. Never before has a sitting president lost an election and it feels as though Nigeria has turned a corner.

Since independence from Britain in 1960 there have been numerous coups and rigged elections. This poll has brought to the surface dangerous religious and regional differences. The outcome may be disputed by some and there is still a fear of violence.

But many Nigerians feel for the first time they have the power to vote out a government that is not performing well.

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Results at 18:00 local time (18:00 GMT) showed Gen Buhari with 15 million votes, and Mr Jonathan with 12.8 million votes.

Mr Jonathan had led Nigeria since 2010, initially as acting leader before winning elections in 2011.

Nigeria has suffered from several attacks by the Islamist militant group Boko Haram, which has killed thousands of people in its drive to establish an Islamic state.

Many voters have said that they believe Gen Buhari is better positioned to defeat Boko Haram.

Somalia: UNHRC Observed Silence in Memory of Ambassador “Bari Bari” – See more at: http://www.geeskaafrika.com/somalia-unhrc-observed-silence-in-memory-of-ambassador-bari-bari/8449/#sthash.drHJbYHw.dpuf

Somalia: UNHRC Observed Silence in Memory of Ambassador “Bari Bari”
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Geneva (HAN) March 31, 2015 – Public Diplomacy, Regional defense and security News. The United Nations silence in memory of Ambassador “Bari Bari”.

The United Nations Human Rights Council observed a minute of silence this afternoon in memory of Ambassador Yusuf Mohamed Ismail “Bari Bari”, Permanent Representative of the Federal Republic of Somalia to the United Nations Office and other international organizations in Geneva, who lost his life on Friday as a result of a terrorist attack in Mogadishu.

Members of the Human Rights Council were shocked and deeply saddened to learn of the death of Ambassador Bari, who was a well-known figure in Geneva, widely respected and admired for his strong leadership and unwavering commitment to human rights.

“Ambassador Bari was a true champion of human rights. His tireless work within the Human Rights Council to promote and protect human rights, in particular in Africa, was recognized by many and is honoured by us all”, stated Ambassador Joachim Ruecker, President of the Council.

Since taking up his post in Geneva in 2008, Ambassador Bari has helped translate the work of the Human Rights Council into real results on the ground. Only last week, the Council established an Independent Expert on Albinism, an issue that Ambassador Bari was deeply committed to and fought hard for over the past years in close cooperation with civil society.

“Ambassador Bari’s tireless efforts with regard to the human rights situation in his own country were exemplary regarding him as a true advocate for his people and his country”, Ambassador Ruecker added.

On behalf of the United Nations Human Rights Council, the President of the Council expressed to Ambassador Bari’s family and friends, as well as the people of Somalia, the Council’s most sincere condolences.


HAN & Geeska Afrika Online (1985-2015), the oldest free independent Free Press in the region, brings together top journalists from across the Horn of Africa. Including Ethiopia, Somalia, Eritrea, Sudan, Djibouti, South Sudan, Uganda, Kenya, Oromo, Amhara, Somali, Afar and Harari. Plus, we have daily translations from 150 major news organizations in the Middle East and East African regions. Contact at news@geeskaafrika.com
Geeska Afrika Online (1985 -2015) – The International Gateway news and views about the Horn of Africa (Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Somaliland, Sudan, South Sudan, Djibouti, Kenya and Uganda), the best IGAD news and information Online Site for the last 30 Years.

– See more at: http://www.geeskaafrika.com/somalia-unhrc-observed-silence-in-memory-of-ambassador-bari-bari/8449/#sthash.drHJbYHw.dpuf

Eritrea Denied Joining ‘Firmness Storm’ Military Operation

Afwerki_Firmness_Storm
Eritrea Denied Joining ‘Firmness Storm’ Military Operation
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Asmara (HAN) March 29, 2015 – Public Diplomacy, Regional defense and Maritime security News. Eritrea rejected to participate military intervention in Yemen.

Eritrea rejected Arab league invitation about Yemen Crisis. Eritrean leader, Isyas Afwerki rejected military involvement in Yemen. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia are asking military and logistic  support to their neighboring countries to stop Hezbollah style militants in Yemen.

Meanwhile, Sudan accepted to is provide ground troops as well as warplanes for a Saudi-led military intervention against Shiite rebels in Yemen, the defence minister said on Thursday.

Saudi warplanes launched strikes on the Houthi station in southern yemen to stop their advance on embattled President Abedrabbo Mansur Hadi’s headquarter in Aden.

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia had assembled a coalition of more than 10 countries for the operation it dubbed “Firmness Storm”, including Sudan Somalia, Ethiopia and Djibouti.

“We are taking part with air and land forces in the ‘Firmness Storm’ operations and our forces have now begun mechanised movement towards the sites of the operations,” Sudanese Defence Minister Abdelrahim Mohammed Hussein told a press conference.

The Sudanese defense minister gave no further details on the number of troops or aircraft involved, or what role they would play to facilitate operation “Firmness Storm”.

The Sudanese military spokesman Colonel Al-Sawarmy Khaled Saad said the goal of the operation was “protecting Islamic holy sites and protecting the Horn of Africa, Red sea and Maritime security”.


 

HAN & Geeska Afrika Online (1985-2015), the oldest free independent Free Press in the region, brings together top journalists from across the Horn of Africa. Including Ethiopia, Somalia, Eritrea, Sudan, Djibouti, South Sudan, Uganda, Kenya, Oromo, Amhara, Somali, Afar and Harari. Plus, we have daily translations from 150 major news organizations in the Middle East and East African regions. Contact at news@geeskaafrika.com


Geeska Afrika Online (1985 -2015) – The International Gateway news and views about the Horn of Africa (Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Somaliland, Sudan, South Sudan, Djibouti, Kenya and Uganda), the best IGAD news and information Online Site for the last 30 Years.

At Egypt Summit, UN’s Ban, Arab League Secretary-General discuss cooperation on regional, global challenges

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon (right) and Nabil el-Araby, Secretary-General of the League of Arab States at the 26th Summit of the League of Arab States in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt. March 2015 UN Photo/Evan Schneider

29 March 2015 – United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and Nabil El-Araby Secretary General of the League of Arab States pledged today continued cooperation between the two organizations and discussed strengthening international efforts on a range of issues as the League’s Summit continued in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt.

According to a readout of a meeting between the two leaders, the Secretaries-General reviewed the continued cooperation between the United Nations and League of Arab States and exchanged views on strengthening international efforts against counter-terrorism, and on Syria, Iraq, the Middle East Peace Process, Yemen and Libya.

Mr. Ban and Mr. El-Araby agreed to remain in close touch on the issues of concern to both organizations.

Continuing his programme on the margins of the Summit, Mr. Ban also met with the President of Egypt, H.E. Mr. Abdel Fattah el-Sisi. The Secretary-General congratulated Egypt on a successful summit and also commended Egypt’s leadership role in many regional issues.

In a discussion on the Middle East peace process, Mr. Ban underlined the importance both of Palestinian reconciliation and of reconstruction in Gaza. Despite generous pledges made at the Cairo conference in October 2014, the Secretary-General underscored that the disbursement of funds for Gaza had been very limited, which had dangerous implications on the ground.

The Secretary-General and President el-Sisi discussed the importance of all sides continuing to work for a genuine two-state solution where both Israelis and Palestinians would respect their mutual security needs.

The Secretary-General then briefed the President on the difficult situations in Yemen, Libya and Syria, where his Special Envoys were tirelessly working to promote dialogue and stability and to end conflict in all three countries. Mr. Ban also briefed President Sisi on current United Nations initiatives to combat extremism and terrorism.

The Secretary-General also updated the President on a number of important on-going development-related issues within the framework of the UN, including the negotiations on the sustainable development goals, the upcoming Addis Ababa Financing for Development Conference, and the UN climate change conference in Paris at the end of the year.

Mr. Ban’s discussions continued with Somali’s President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud. The Secretary-General expressed condolences to the President over the victims of the most recent terrorist attack in Mogadishu.

The Secretary-General welcomed the President’s leadership in the ongoing State formation process, including the establishment of the National Leadership Forum. He also emphasized the importance of inclusivity, especially of women, youth, minorities and other weak communities, in Somalia’s State-building approach.

They discussed Somali stakeholder’s commitment to meet key Vision 2016 timelines to complete Somalia’s federal state formation process and to review the provisional constitution.

The Secretary-General and President Mohamud also discussed the alarming humanitarian situation and human rights concerns in the country, as well as developments in the region.


News Tracker: past stories on this issue

In Egypt, Ban calls on Arab leaders to strengthen bonds for region’s people, global security

Breaking News: ኣብዚ ሰሙን ዚ ፣ ኣብ ውሽጢ ሰለስተ መዓልታት ጥራይ 613 ኤርትራውያን ስደተኛታት ናብ ሸገራብ ከምዝኣተዉ ምንጭታት ኣሰና ካብቲ ቦታ ሓቢሮም።

Eri_Refugees15ኣብዚ ሰሙን ዚ ፣ ኣብ ውሽጢ ሰለስተ መዓልታት፣ ማለት ዝሓለፈ ሰኑይ፣ሰሉስ ረቡዕን ጥራይ 613 ኤርትራውያን ስደተኛታት ናብቲ ኣብ ሱዳን ዝርከብ መዓስከር ስደተኛታት ሸገራብ ከምዝኣተዉ ምንጭታት ኣሰና ካብቲ ቦታ ሓቢሮም።

እቶም ኤርትራውያን ስደተኛታት 123 ትሕቲ ዕድመ ቆልዑን 75 ደቀንስትዮን ይርከቡዎ።

እዚ ዝተጠቕሰ ቁጽሪ ስደተኛታት ነቶም ብላዕለዋይ ኮምሽን ስደተኛታት ውድብ ሕቡራ ሃገራት ከይተመዝገቡ ብቐጥታ ናብ ካርቱም ዝኸዱ ስደተኛታት ዝዓምም ኣይኮነን።

እቶም ንዋሕዚ ስደተኛታት ኤርትራውያን ንነዊሕ ዓመታት ከስተብህሉሉ ዝጸንሑ ኣብቲ ከባቢ ዝርከቡ ምንጭታት በዚ ንቡር ዝሰኣነ መመሊሱ ዝውስኽ ዘሎ ፍሉይ ናህሪ ኤርትራውያን ስደተኛታት፣ `ሃገር ትጠፍእ ኣላ` ክብሉ ዝተሰምዖም ክቱር ስንባደ ገሊጾም።

ብወገን ኢትዮጵያ `ውን ካብዚ ብዘይፍለ መንገዲ ልዑል ጻዕቂ ዘለዎ ዋሕዚ ኤርትራውያን ስደተኛታት ከምዘሎ ክመጽኡ ዝጸንሑ ሓበሬታት የመልክቱ።

IGAD briefs AU peace and security council on South Sudan

March 28, 2015 (ADDIS ABABA) – The Peace and Security Council of the African Union (AU), at its 494th meeting held on 24 March in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa, was briefed on the situation in South Sudan and the status of the peace process.

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IGAD’s chief mediator for South Sudan peace talks, Seyoum Mesfin, speaks to the press following the signing of a cessation of hostilities agreement between the South Sudanese government and rebels in Addis Ababa on 23 January 2014 (Photo: AFP)

Ambassador Seyoum Mesfin, chair of the mediation team of the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD), briefed the council on the outstanding issues that led to the collapse of the talks between president Salva Kiir and opposition leader Riek Machar.

In a communique released following the briefing which was also attended by representatives of the warring parties, the AU expressed deep concern at the prevailing situation in the Africa’s youngest nation.

It said the ongoing violations of the cessation of hostilities agreement as fighting continued to escalate between the two warring parties was disheartening.

“Council expressed deep concern at the prevailing situation in South Sudan, characterized by fighting in recent weeks and a serious humanitarian situation,” it partly reads.

“Council, noting with utmost disappointment the failure of the South Sudanese parties to reach an agreement on the outstanding issues by the deadline of 5 March 2015, as set by IGAD, once again, appealed to the South Sudanese Parties to live-up to their commitments under the Agreement of Cessation of Hostilities and to display the required political will and sense of responsibility to bring to an end the untold suffering inflicted upon their people.”

It said the African body reminded the warring parties of the threat of sanctions against those seen to be obstructing the peace process, noting the United Nations Security Council’s resolution 2206 (2015) to this effect.

The statement however said the AU’s peace and security council looked forward to the next steps envisaged by IGAD for the resumption of the negotiations.

IGAD said it was working on a new mechanism that would expand the mediation body.

An ad hoc committee to be composed of the heads of state and government of Algeria, Chad, Rwanda and South Africa will be formed to support IGAD, adding the committee may meet soon and elaborate its terms and reference.

(ST)

Eritrean rebels warn Australian firm exploring gold mines

By Tesfa-Alem Tekle

March 28,2015 (ADDIS ABABA) – An Eritrean rebel group on Saturday warned an Australian mines firm against gold, gas and other natural resource exploration in the Red Sea’s nation.

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Eritrea, which borders Sudan and Ethiopia, has been dubbed the North Korea of Africa (HRW)

The Red Sea Afar Democratic Organisation (RSADO) rebel group accused the Australian South Boulder Mines Ltd of partnering with the Eritrean government to illegally exploit resources of the Afar’s region of Danakil, stressing it caused environmental damage on their traditional homeland.

The project “is forcibly removing the indigenous Afar community in Eritrea from their homeland and caused a devastating impact because their economic, social and cultural survival is deeply linked to their traditional land,” said a statement issued by a special committee delegated by RSADO to investigate the alleged humanitarian situation caused by South Boulder Mines.

“For the Red Sea Afar People, land is central to their cultural and social well-being,” the statement added.

The rebel group warned the company to stop its economic partnerships with the Eritrean government and leave the Afar Region (Dankalia) immediately.

Otherwise, the group threatened to launch retaliation attacks against the foreign company.

“Failure to refuse or ignore our call will result in detrimental action against your Project,” the rebels said in a statement also copied to Paul Donaldson, Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director of the Australian company in Eritrea.
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The rebels said some foreign multinational corporations violate sanctions by the United Nations and the African Union on the Eritrean regime and sign mining exploration agreements with Asmara government which they accused of “systematically killing its people unlawfully and arbitrarily”.

They further accused the South Boulder Mines Company of disrespect for human rights laws and disgraces to the UNSC, AU, EU resolutions and the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights, International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights as well as the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

In the past, RSADO has routinely alleged victories against government army in an on and off cross-border attacks it launches from Ethiopian borders where it operates.

But, Asmara repeatedly dismissed those allegations further accusing its long-time arch-foe Ethiopia of harbouring and supporting the exiled rebels.

(ST)

AFRICA Militants Take Hostages in Deadly Attack on Mogadishu Hotel By MOHAMMED IBRAHIMMARCH 27, 2015

Security forces exchanged gunfire Friday with militants from the Shabaab Islamist group who attacked a hotel in Mogadishu, the capital. CreditFeisal Omar/Reuters

The attack began when a suicide car bomber detonated explosives at a rear gate of the Maka al-Mukarama Hotel, which is popular with government officials and foreigners, around 4 p.m., witnesses said. Gunmen quickly overpowered security guards and took control of the hotel before an elite police antiterrorism unit stormed the hotel compound and rescued most of the hostages, said Mohamed Yusuf, a spokesman for the Ministry of National Security. As of Friday night, it was unclear how many hostages were still trapped inside the hotel.

“The operation still continues,” Mr. Yusuf said. “Most of the hotel complex is under control and people have been rescued, and we will release detailed information once the operation is completed.”

Initial reports said at least seven people had been killed, although the exact number could not be independently verified. It was unclear how many of the dead were civilians and how many were militants. Among the victims was the Somali ambassador to Switzerland, Yusuf Mohamed Ismail, who died of wounds sustained in the attack, according to health officials.

“A big explosion erupted at the back door of the hotel,” said one witness, Yasin Mohamed, who was staying near the hotel. He said he heard gunfire inside. “I was shocked and frightened.”

Some of the hotel guests managed to escape before the militants took over, while others jumped out the windows.

“I saw a man jumping out of the window of the second floor and he fell to the ground,” said Abdi Omar, another witness. “He was immediately taken by health workers to the hospital.”

The Shabab have carried out similar attacks, in the upscale Westgate mallin Nairobi, Kenya, and at the United Nations compound in Mogadishu, both in 2013.

In February, 25 people were killed at the Central Hotel, including government officials, and dozens were wounded, in an attack claimed by the Shabab.